Maprounea africana Müll. Arg.

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Maprounea africana

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Sofala, Mozambique.

Maprounea africana

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Levasflor, Cheringoma, Sofala, Mozambique.

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Synonyms: Excoecaria magenjensis Sim
Maprounea obtusa Pax
Maprounea vaccinioides Pax
Common names: Magic nut (English)
Status: Native
Small deciduous tree. Bark very rough and corky, grey to blackish, sometimes but not always with milky sap. Leaves alternate, ovate to lanceolate-elliptic, 2-8 cm long, thinly leathery, bronze-red when young and before falling, bright green above, bluish below, lateral veins yellow; margin entire. Flowers in short dense, almost ball-shaped spikes, yellowish, unisexual in the same inflorescence. Fruit 3-lobed, c. 10 mm in diameter, red to brown.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: Occurring in open woodland, riverine fringes, often on sandy soils.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Nigeria to Tanzania and South to Angola, Namibia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 31 August 2008

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 462. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 336. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 42.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 325 - 327. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 57.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 60 - 61. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Maprounea africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Maprounea africana
Flora of Caprivi: Maprounea africana
Flora of Malawi: Maprounea africana
Flora of Zambia: Maprounea africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Maprounea africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Maprounea africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Maprounea africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Maprounea africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Maprounea africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Maprounea africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Maprounea africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Maprounea africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Maprounea africana
Plants of the World Online: Maprounea africana
Tropicos: Maprounea africana
Wikipedia: Maprounea africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Maprounea africana., retrieved 22 June 2024

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