Synadenium cameronii N.E. Br.

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Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Synadenium cameronii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road to Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Synadenium gazense sensu Drummond (1975)
Synadenium grantii sensu Hargreaves
Synadenium sp. aff. grantii sensu Coates Palgrave
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree with fleshy stems and branches. Milky latex present. Leaves spirally arranged, crowded near the ends of branches, c. up to 18 × 8 cm, thick and fleshy, green, often tinged purple-red, obovate or oblanceolate, tapering at the base into a winged petiole up to 1 cm long, usually completely hairless on both surfaces but sometimes with a few scattered hairs on the margins and the midrib below near the base; midrib prominent below and sharply keeled; margin minutely crisped. Flowers in pseudumbellate axillary and terminal heads, yellow, unisexual on the same tree. Fruit obovoid, acutely lobed, c. 7 mm, depressed at the apex, dehiscent.
Notes: See Synadenium kirkii for comparison, which is best distinguished by the leaves being pubescent, particularly on the margins and the midrib below.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mixed deciduous woodland, on rocky outcrops and exposed granite slopes, often also near rivers.
Altitude range: 60 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS
Growth form(s): Climber, tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 November 2015
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 471. (Includes a picture).

Carter, S. & Leach, L.C. (2001). Euphorbiaceae: subfamily Euphorbioideae: tribe Euphorbieae Flora Zambesiaca 9(5) Page 437.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253. As Synadenium gazense

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Other sources of information about Synadenium cameronii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Synadenium cameronii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Synadenium cameronii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Synadenium cameronii
African Plant Database: Synadenium cameronii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Synadenium cameronii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Synadenium cameronii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Synadenium cameronii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Synadenium cameronii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Synadenium cameronii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Synadenium cameronii
iNaturalist: Synadenium cameronii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Synadenium cameronii
JSTOR Plant Science: Synadenium cameronii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Synadenium cameronii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Synadenium cameronii
Plants of the World Online: Synadenium cameronii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Synadenium cameronii
Tropicos: Synadenium cameronii
Wikipedia: Synadenium cameronii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Synadenium cameronii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=136450, retrieved 24 August 2019

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