Lannea edulis (Sond.) Engl.
var. edulis

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Lannea edulis var. edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga above Nhamadzi Crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

Lannea edulis var. edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga above Nhamadzi Crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Tsombori (English) Wild grape (English)
Status: Native
Dwarf shrublet or suffrutex, growing from a large woody rootstock. Leaves mostly compound with 2 to 4 pairs of leaflets or rarely simple (see image 5), densely covered in silvery hairs when young (image 3). Flowers in erect spikes near the ground, small, yellowish, tinged with red. Fruit a red fleshy drupe tipped with 3 to 4 pointed remains of the styles. Flowers and fruits normally appear before the leaves and are conspicuous on burnt ground. The pulp of the grape-like fruits is eaten but the skins are discarded. A root extract is used as a remedy for diarrhoea.
Derivation of specific name: edulis: edible
Habitat: In grassland, vleis and open woodland, especially noticeable after a fire.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi Namibia and Mpumalanga, South Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Shrub under 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Eucraera gemmata (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 20 December 2019

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 56. as Lannea edulis (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 21.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1966). Anacardiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 565 - 567. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 16.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 22.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 37.

Other sources of information about Lannea edulis var. edulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lannea edulis var. edulis
Flora of Caprivi: Lannea edulis var. edulis
Flora of Malawi: Lannea edulis var. edulis
Flora of Zambia: Lannea edulis var. edulis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lannea edulis var. edulis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lannea edulis
African Plant Database: Lannea edulis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lannea edulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lannea edulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lannea edulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lannea edulis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lannea edulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lannea edulis
iNaturalist: Lannea edulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lannea edulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Lannea edulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lannea edulis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lannea edulis
Plants of the World Online: Lannea edulis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Lannea edulis
Tropicos: Lannea edulis
Wikipedia: Lannea edulis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Lannea edulis var. edulis., retrieved 19 February 2020

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