Gymnosporia putterlickioides Loes.

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Gymnosporia putterlickioides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapú, Via Mpingwe, 50 m from old entrance, opposite Lodge 25, E side

Gymnosporia putterlickioides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapú, Via Mpingwe, 50 m from old entrance, opposite Lodge 25, E side

Gymnosporia putterlickioides

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapú, Via Mpingwe, 50 m from old entrance, opposite Lodge 25, E side

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Maytenus putterlickioides (Loes.) Exell & Mendonça
Common names: Large-flowered spike-thorn (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or rarely a small, multi-stemmed tree, armed with strong straight thorns, up to 8 cm. Leaves in fascicles, often on the spines, elliptic to obovate, 1-5 cm long, softly textured and finely hairy; midrib raised on both surfaces; margin shallowly crenate. Flowers in axillary clusters, often on the spines, white or cream, c. 1 cm in diameter. Fruit 3-lobed, c. 5 mm in diameter, persistent styles forming 3 points, orange-pink, dehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: putterlickioides: like a Putterlickia sp.
Habitat: In dry deciduous woodland, often on termite mounds, sometimes forming impenetrable thickets.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,T
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 26 December 2013

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 510. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 255. As Maytenus putterlickioides

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 33.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 361 - 362. As Maytenus putterlickioides

Other sources of information about Gymnosporia putterlickioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Flora of Zambia: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Gymnosporia putterlickioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Gymnosporia putterlickioides
African Plant Database: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Gymnosporia putterlickioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Gymnosporia putterlickioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Gymnosporia putterlickioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Plants of the World Online: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Tropicos: Gymnosporia putterlickioides
Wikipedia: Gymnosporia putterlickioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Gymnosporia putterlickioides., retrieved 22 February 2024

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