Salacia kraussii (Harv.) Harv.

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Salacia kraussii

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Bazaruto Island

Salacia kraussii

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Bazaruto Island

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Synonyms: Diplesthes kraussii Harv.
Salacia alternifolia Hochst.
Common names:
Status: Native
Suffrutex with annual shoots from a rhizome or a shrub up to 1(-3) m tall. Stems, leaves and inflorescence with latex threads.. Leaves all alternate, petiolate; lamina 4-9 cm long, shiny above, paler and dull below, oblong to elliptic or obovate, coriaceous. Flowers bisexual, borne in axillary fascicles; flower buds 2.5-3 mm long, spherical or subspherical, broader than long. Sepals unequal. Petals 5-7, yellow or greenish-yellow, 3-4.5 long, obovate. Disk conic-cylindric, surrounding the ovary. Stamens 3. Ovary ovoid-trigonous. Fruit orange, 3.5-5 cm in diameter, spherical, 2-3-seeded.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Dune scrub, thickets and open deciduous woodland, mianly near the coast.
Altitude range: Up to 90 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).
Mozambique distribution: GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 20 August 2013

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 101. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 513. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 34.

Robson, N.K.B. (1966). Celastraceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(2) Pages 401 - 402.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Other sources of information about Salacia kraussii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Salacia kraussii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Salacia kraussii
African Plant Database: Salacia kraussii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Salacia kraussii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Salacia kraussii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Salacia kraussii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Salacia kraussii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Salacia kraussii
JSTOR Plant Science: Salacia kraussii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Salacia kraussii
Plants of the World Online: Salacia kraussii
Tropicos: Salacia kraussii
Wikipedia: Salacia kraussii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Salacia kraussii., retrieved 8 December 2023

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