Sparrmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze

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Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper Jizira valley, Mt Gorongosa

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper Vunduzi Valley, Mt Gorongosa.

Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper Vunduzi Valley, Mt Gorongosa.

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Synonyms: Sparrmannia abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich. var. micrantha Burret
Sparrmannia palmata E. Mey. ex Harv.
Sparrmannia ricinocarpa (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Kuntze subsp. micrantha (Burret) Weim.
Urena ricinocarpa Eckl. & Zeyh.
Common names: Mountain stock-rose (English)
Frequency: Frequent in high rainfall areas
Status: Native
Slender bush, occasionally scrambling, up to 3 m. Leaves 3-13 cm long, 3-7-lobed wth a cordate base and 5-7-veined from the base, lobed half to three quarters, middle lobe longest, with both simple and stellate hairs on both surfaces; margin irregularly crenate-dentate; petiole up to 8 cm long, pubescent; stipules up to 8 mm long, setaceous. Inflorescences in extra-axillary and leaf-opposed, 6-20-flowered umbels; peduncles up to 8 cm long, pubescent. Flowers white, sometimes tinged purplish with petals about as long as sepals; stamens numerous (c. 50), yellow. Capsule ellipsoid, 2-2.5 cm long including bristles, 4-5-valved, covered in bristles that stick to clothing and animal fur.
Derivation of specific name: ricinocarpa: with fruits resembling Ricinus communis
Habitat: Along stream banks, forest margins and in clearings
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Angola Cameroon, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 12 September 2013

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 90 - 91. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 279. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 583. As Sparrmannia ricinocarpa ricinocarpa (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 684.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 117.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 29.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 258.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 81.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 75.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 414 - 415. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 180.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Page 572.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 78 - 80. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 95.

Other sources of information about Sparrmannia ricinocarpa:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora of Zambia: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
iNaturalist: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
JSTOR Plant Science: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Plants of the World Online: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Tropicos: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa
Wikipedia: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Sparrmannia ricinocarpa., retrieved 17 November 2019

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