Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
var. gummifera

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Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhago Camp, Coutada 12

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adenia cissampeloides (Planch. ex Hook.) Harms
Ophiocaulon gummifera Hook.
Common names: Monkey rope (English) Snake climber (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Description:
Robust, semi-woody climber or liane. Stems striped bluish-green, older stems often with whitish powder. Leaves mostly shallowly three-lobed grey-green, distinctly 3-veined from the base. Flowers unisexual on different plants, in axillary clusters, pale greenish. Male flowers in much larger, denser clusters than female flowers. Fruit an oval capsule, consisting of 5 valves, light green.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: gummifera: producing gum or resin
Habitat: In forested ravines and forest margins; also in miombo woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:Oct - Apr
Worldwide distribution: from Somalia through East and Central Africa to South Africa; also in the Seychelles.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acraea natalica natalica (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 4 September 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 648. As Adenia gummifera (Includes a picture).

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23. As Adenia gummifera

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 391 - 392.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1980). 79. Passiforaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 18 - 19.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 53 - 54. as Ophiocaulon gummifera

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 143.

Other sources of information about Adenia gummifera var. gummifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera
Flora of Zambia: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia gummifera
African Plant Database: Adenia gummifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia gummifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia gummifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adenia gummifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adenia gummifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia gummifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Adenia gummifera
iNaturalist: Adenia gummifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia gummifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia gummifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adenia gummifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia gummifera
Plants of the World Online: Adenia gummifera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Adenia gummifera
Tropicos: Adenia gummifera
Wikipedia: Adenia gummifera


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=141030, retrieved 17 November 2019

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