Adenia gummifera (Harv.) Harms
var. gummifera

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Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhago Camp, Coutada 12

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga forest, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Adenia cissampeloides (Planch. ex Hook.) Harms
Ophiocaulon gummifera Hook.
Common names: Monkey rope (English) Snake climber (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Robust, semi-woody climber or liane. Stems striped bluish-green, older stems often with whitish powder. Leaves mostly shallowly three-lobed grey-green, distinctly 3-veined from the base. Flowers unisexual on different plants, in axillary clusters, pale greenish. Male flowers in much larger, denser clusters than female flowers. Fruit an oval capsule, consisting of 5 valves, light green.
Derivation of specific name: gummifera: producing gum or resin
Habitat: In forested ravines and forest margins; also in miombo woodland.
Altitude range: Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:Oct - Apr
Worldwide distribution: from Somalia through East and Central Africa to South Africa; also in the Seychelles.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acraea natalica natalica (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 4 September 2017

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 648. As Adenia gummifera (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 391 - 392.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1980). 79. Passiforaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 18 - 19.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 53 - 54. as Ophiocaulon gummifera

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 143.

Other sources of information about Adenia gummifera var. gummifera:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera
Flora of Zambia: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera
Flora of Zimbabwe: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Adenia gummifera
African Plant Database: Adenia gummifera
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Adenia gummifera
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Adenia gummifera
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Adenia gummifera
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Adenia gummifera
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Adenia gummifera
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Adenia gummifera
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Adenia gummifera
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Adenia gummifera
JSTOR Plant Science: Adenia gummifera
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Adenia gummifera
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Adenia gummifera
The Plant List (version 1.1): Adenia gummifera
Tropicos: Adenia gummifera

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Adenia gummifera var. gummifera., retrieved 16 July 2019

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