Passiflora edulis Sims

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Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Castleburn Forest, Vumba

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
John Meikle Forestry Estate, Stapleford

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Pungwe River at Katiyo Tea Estate

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zona Tea Estates, near Mt Selinda

Passiflora edulis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zona Tea Estates, near Mt Selinda

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Granadilla (English) Passion fruit (English)
Status: Introduced
Vigorous, herbaceous, perennial climber, widely cultivated for its edible fruit. Stems up to 15 m long, striate, with axillary simple tendrils up to 10 cm long. Leaves alternate, up to 13 × 15 cm, more or less deeply 3-lobed, slightly leathery, glossy green or yellow-green above, paler and duller green below, with 2 glands at the apex of the petiole; margin finely toothed; linear stipules present, c. 1 cm long. Flowers solitary, up to 7 cm in diameter. Petals white. Corona with filaments up to 2.5 cm long in 4-5 rows, white, purple at base. Fruit ovoid to spherical, 4-5 cm in diameter, yellow, greenish-yellow or purplish.
Derivation of specific name: edulis: edible
Habitat: A naturalized, often somewhat invasive weed along the margins of forest and scrub, often in wet or high-rainfall areas.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native of southern Brazil, Paraguay to northern Argentina, cultivated and naturalized in several regions of tropical and southern Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Acraea aglaonice (Food plant)
spilosoma lineata (l)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 6 February 2012

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 262.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1978). Passifloraceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Page 409.

Fernandes, R. & A. (1980). 79. Passiforaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 37 - 38.

Henderson, L. (2001). Alien weeds and invasive plants Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. 12. Plant Protection Research Institute, Agricultural Research Council, South Africa. Page 64. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 66.

Maroyi, A. (2006). Preliminary checklist of introduced and naturalized plants in Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(2) Page 234.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 83.

Other sources of information about Passiflora edulis:

Our websites:

Flora of Mozambique: cultivated Passiflora edulis
Flora of Zambia: Passiflora edulis
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Passiflora edulis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Passiflora edulis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Passiflora edulis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Passiflora edulis
African Plant Database: Passiflora edulis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Passiflora edulis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Passiflora edulis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Passiflora edulis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Passiflora edulis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Passiflora edulis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Passiflora edulis
iNaturalist: Passiflora edulis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Passiflora edulis
JSTOR Plant Science: Passiflora edulis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Passiflora edulis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Passiflora edulis
Plants of the World Online: Passiflora edulis
Tropicos: Passiflora edulis
Wikipedia: Passiflora edulis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Passiflora edulis., retrieved 20 October 2020

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