Terminalia brachystemma Welw. ex Hiern
subsp. brachystemma

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Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hwange NP, on loop from Main Camp through Dopi Pan

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Terminalia baumii Engl. & Gilg
Common names: Kalahari cluster-leaf (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small semi-deciduous tree. Bark pale brownish-grey, more or less distinctly longitudinally fissured, often purple-brown and peeling on small branchlets, revealing pale underbark. Leaves clustered near the ends of branches, subsessile, elliptic to obovate, 9-15 cm long, green above and mostly hairless, bluish-green below, sometimes with appressed hairs on the midrib; margin entire. Flowers small, cream to pale yellow, in axillary spikes, 6-11 cm long. Fruit elliptic-oblong, up to 5 × 3.5 cm, broadly winged, bright red when young, drying to purple-brown.
Notes: Note: this species is known to hybridize with T. sericea. The leaves are then usually somewhat smaller and more petiolate than in T. brachystemma and less hairy than in T. sericea.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland on Kalahari sand, often near around vleis.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, DRC, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and northern South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 8 June 2010

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 688. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 495.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263. As Terminalia brachystemma

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 174 - 175. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.

Other sources of information about Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma
Flora of Caprivi: Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma
Flora of Zimbabwe: Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia brachystemma
African Plant Database: Terminalia brachystemma
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia brachystemma
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia brachystemma
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia brachystemma
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia brachystemma
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia brachystemma
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Terminalia brachystemma
iNaturalist: Terminalia brachystemma
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia brachystemma
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia brachystemma
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia brachystemma
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia brachystemma
Plants of the World Online: Terminalia brachystemma
Tropicos: Terminalia brachystemma
Wikipedia: Terminalia brachystemma

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Terminalia brachystemma subsp. brachystemma.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142130, retrieved 1 April 2023

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