Terminalia sericea Burch. ex DC.

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Terminalia sericea

Photo: Theo van der Merwe
Farm Bokplaas, Inhassoro, on the Temane gasfield

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Synonyms: Terminalia velutina sensu Eyles
Common names: Silver cluster-leaf (English) Silver terminalia (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Small to medium-sized deciduous tree. Branches reddish-brown, peeling in strips. Leaves crowded at the ends of branches obovate-elliptic, bluish-green above, paler below, often, but not always, densely covered in silvery hairs. Flowers in axillary spikes, pale-yellow to creamy-white. Fruit an oval nut surrounded by a flat wing. The fruits are often parasitised and form a deformed mass of thin galls (image 5).
Derivation of specific name: sericea: with silky appressed hairs (sericeous)
Habitat: In a variety of types of open woodland, particularly in sandy soils. It may be one of the co-dominant species with Brachystegia, Mopane, Combretum or Acacia.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and DRC southwards to Angola and Namibia, Zimbabwe and South Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Hamanumida daedalus (Food plant)
Laeliopsis punctuligera (Larval foodplant)
Trichopisthia igneotincta (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 27 June 2009

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 691. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 35.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 147 - 151. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 9.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 498 - 499. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 263.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).

Exell, A.W. (1978). Combretaceae Flora Zambesiaca 4 Pages 169 - 173. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 362. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 35.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 50 - 53. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 48.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 25.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 138 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 56.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 204.

Other sources of information about Terminalia sericea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Terminalia sericea
Flora of Caprivi: Terminalia sericea
Flora of Malawi: Terminalia sericea
Flora of Zambia: Terminalia sericea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Terminalia sericea
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Terminalia sericea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Terminalia sericea
African Plant Database: Terminalia sericea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Terminalia sericea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Terminalia sericea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Terminalia sericea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Terminalia sericea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Terminalia sericea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Terminalia sericea
iNaturalist: Terminalia sericea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Terminalia sericea
JSTOR Plant Science: Terminalia sericea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Terminalia sericea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Terminalia sericea
Plants of the World Online: Terminalia sericea
Tropicos: Terminalia sericea
Wikipedia: Terminalia sericea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Terminalia sericea.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=142210, retrieved 23 March 2023

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