Synsepalum chimanimani S.Rokni & I.Darbysh.

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Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Survey Plot 3, Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Survey Plot 3, Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Survey Plot 3, Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Synsepalum chimanimani

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Afrosersalisia kaessneri sensu Kupicha in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 217 (1983), pro parte
Synsepalum kaessneri sensu Pennington in Gen. Sapotac.: 249 (1991), pro parte
Synsepalum muelleri sensu Burrows et al. in Trees & Shrubs Mozambique: 744 (2018), pro parte
Synsepalum sp. aff. S. kaessneri sensu Timberlake et Al. in CEPF Grant 63512 report: 50 (2016)
Tulestea kaessneri sensu Aubréville in Adansonia Sér. 2, 12(2): 191–192 (1972), pro parte
Common names: Chimanimani miraculous-berry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, up to 4 m tall. Bark brown, finely fissured; young branches, reddish-brown, velvety, typically zigzagging; milky latex present. Leaves crowded near the ends of branches, often clustered on small knobbly spurs, narrowly oblong-elliptic or oblanceolate, up to 12 × 3.5 cm, hairless; midrib prominent on both surfaces but veining indistinct; margin entire, wavy. Flowers solitary or in small clusters, axillary and on the older wood, small, whitish. Fruit solitary, ellipsoid, 1-1.5 cm long, pointed, fleshy, red, held in the enlarged, woody calyx.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: chimanimani: referring to the Chimanimani Mts of Zimbabwe and Mozambique where the species is found.
Habitat: In moist evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 300 - 560 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Only known from the foot hills of the Chimanimani Mts in Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Endangered
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 22 October 2019
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 744. As Synsepalum muelleri (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 266. As Tulestea kassneri

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 169. As Synsepalum keassneri

Kupicha, F.K. (1983). Sapotaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 217. As Afrosersalisia kassneri

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 77. As Synsepalum keassneri

Rokni, S., Bart Wursten, B. & Darbyshire, I. (2019). Synsepalum chimanimani (Sapotaceae), a new species from the Chimanimani Mountains of Mozambique and Zimbabwe, with notes on the botanical importance of this area Phytokeys 133 Pages 117 - 122. Protologue (Includes a picture).

Timberlake, J., Darbyshire, I., Wursten, B., Hadj-Hammou, J., Ballings, P., Mapaura, A., Matimele, H., Banze, A., Chipanga, H., Muassinar, D., Massunde, J., Chelene, I., Osborne, J., Shah, T. (2016). Chimanimani Mountains: Botany and Conservation. Report produced under CEPF Grant 63512. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London. Page 50. As Synsepalum sp. aff. S. kassneri (Engl.) T.D. Penn.

Other sources of information about Synsepalum chimanimani:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Synsepalum chimanimani

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Synsepalum chimanimani
African Plant Database: Synsepalum chimanimani
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Synsepalum chimanimani
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Synsepalum chimanimani
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Synsepalum chimanimani
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Synsepalum chimanimani
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Synsepalum chimanimani
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Synsepalum chimanimani
iNaturalist: Synsepalum chimanimani
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Synsepalum chimanimani
JSTOR Plant Science: Synsepalum chimanimani
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Synsepalum chimanimani
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Synsepalum chimanimani
Plants of the World Online: Synsepalum chimanimani
The Plant List (version 1.1): Synsepalum chimanimani
Tropicos: Synsepalum chimanimani
Wikipedia: Synsepalum chimanimani


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Synsepalum chimanimani.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=143730, retrieved 13 November 2019

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