Strychnos angolensis Gilg

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Strychnos angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhandar River below Nhancuco, Mt Gorongosa.

Strychnos angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhandar River below Nhancuco, Mt Gorongosa.

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Common names: Climbing bitterberry (English) Yellowwood bitterberry-rope (English)
Status: Native
Climbing shrub or liane with simple coiled tendrils in the axils of triangular bracts. Bark smooth, pale brown; young branches with yellowish hairs. Leaves opposite, elliptic to ovate, mostly 2-7 long, more or less distinctly 3-5-veined from near the base, hairless or with yellowish hairs on the veins and margins, apex rounded, sometimes with a fine sharp point. Flowers solitary or in few-flowered axillary heads, white to yellow. Fruits ellipsoid to round, 1-2 cm long, fleshy, yellow, orange to red.
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: On riverbanks in forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Nigeria to East Africa and South to Angola, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 10 December 2008

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 776. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & White, F. (1990). New and noteworthy plants from the evergreen forests of Malawi Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 60(1/2) Page 79.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 165.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Page 356.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58.

Other sources of information about Strychnos angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Strychnos angolensis
Flora of Malawi: Strychnos angolensis
Flora of Zambia: Strychnos angolensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos angolensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos angolensis
African Plant Database: Strychnos angolensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos angolensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strychnos angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos angolensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos angolensis
Plants of the World Online: Strychnos angolensis
Tropicos: Strychnos angolensis
Wikipedia: Strychnos angolensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Strychnos angolensis., retrieved 24 February 2024

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