Strychnos mellodora S. Moore

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Strychnos mellodora

Photo: Mark Hyde

Strychnos mellodora

Photo: Mark Hyde

Strychnos mellodora

Photo: Mark Hyde

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Common names: Forest monkey-orange (English)
Status: Native
Large forest tree to 35 m high. Branchlets not or slightly lenticellate, glabrous. Leaves: petiole 3-8 mm; lamina 5-12 × 2-5 cm; elliptic or narrowly elliptic; apex acuminate; base cuneate, glabrous on both sides. Inflorescence 3-11 cm long, axillary, although sometimes appearing terminal, lax, many-flowered. Flowers 4-merous. Sepals equal, ovate. Corolla white, glabrous outside, densely hairy within; tube very short; lobes 4-5 times as long as the tube. Stamens exserted. Pistil glabrous. Fruit 12 × 10 - 18 × 18 mm, 1-seeded. Seed flattened, ellipsoid.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In medium altitude rainforest
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Tanzania
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 782. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Coates Palgrave, K. (1983). Trees of Southern Africa 2nd edition. Struik. Cape Town. Page 928. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 166.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. (1983). Loganiaceae (inc. Buddlejaceae) Flora Zambesiaca 7(1) Pages 366 - 367.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 58.

Other sources of information about Strychnos mellodora:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Strychnos mellodora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strychnos mellodora
African Plant Database: Strychnos mellodora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strychnos mellodora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strychnos mellodora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strychnos mellodora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strychnos mellodora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strychnos mellodora
JSTOR Plant Science: Strychnos mellodora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strychnos mellodora
Plants of the World Online: Strychnos mellodora
Tropicos: Strychnos mellodora
Wikipedia: Strychnos mellodora

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Strychnos mellodora., retrieved 6 December 2023

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