Landolphia buchananii (Hallier f.) Stapf

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Landolphia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

Landolphia buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cecil Kop Nature Reserve, Mutare

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Synonyms: Clitandra buchananii Hallier f.
Landolphia rogersii Stapf
Landolphia swynnertonii S. Moore
Landolphia ugandensis Stapf
Common names: Apricot vine (English) Rubber vine (English)
Status: Native
Climbing shrub or robust liane with numerous strong tendrils formed by old inflorescence branches. Older stems strongly and deeply fluted, appearing almost like a bundle of separate vines. Leaves elliptic-oblong to narrowly ovate, up to 14 cm long, dark green, usually not glossy and hairless above, midrib hardly channeled, lateral veins and net-veining somewhat depressed, midrib prominent below, net-veining visible with a lens, hairless or midrib pubescent. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, few-several-flowered. Flowers white, up to c. 2 cm in diameter with a tube 7.5 - 9 mm long, often pinkish or yellow inside, scented. Fruits spherical, up to 10 cm in diameter, green, edible.
Notes: Note: Despite differences in size and venation of the leaves, this species is very similar to L. kirkii and both species are very difficult to distinguish when not in flower. Flowers of L. kirkii are smaller with a shorter pinkish tube. Both species are found in similar habitats.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa.
Habitat: In riverine and montane evergreen forest and high-rainfall Brachystegia woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Nov - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Climber, liane.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Nephele argentifera (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 23 November 2008

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 73. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 797. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 36.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 26. Under both Landolphia buchananii and L. ugandensis

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 268.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 409 - 410.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 43.

Other sources of information about Landolphia buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Landolphia buchananii
Flora of Malawi: Landolphia buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Landolphia buchananii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Landolphia buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Landolphia buchananii
African Plant Database: Landolphia buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Landolphia buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Landolphia buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Landolphia buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Landolphia buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Landolphia buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Landolphia buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Landolphia buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Landolphia buchananii
Tropicos: Landolphia buchananii
Wikipedia: Landolphia buchananii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Landolphia buchananii., retrieved 20 April 2024

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