Pleiocarpa pycnantha (K. Schum.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Hunteria pycnantha K. Schum.
Pleiocarpa swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Shrub or small to large tree. Bark smooth when young, becoming roughish and cracked, often flaking in older specimens; branchlets with lenticels, hairless; rubbery milky latex present. Leaves in whorls of 3, rarely 4, elliptic to oblanceolate, up to 13 × 5 cm, leathery, yellowish-green above, paler below, hairless, lateral veins parallel and looping to form a sub-marginal vein; margin entire,wavy; petiole short, winged by the decurrent leaf base. Flowers in axillary clusters on old and new wood, white, fading to creamy-yellow, strongly fragrant. Fruit in paired round mericarps, up to 2 cm in diameter, wrinkled, yellow-orange to red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,GI
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 800. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 26.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269. As Pleiocarpa pycnantha pycnantha

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 432 - 434. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Other sources of information about Pleiocarpa pycnantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Flora of Zambia: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pleiocarpa pycnantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
African Plant Database: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pleiocarpa pycnantha
JSTOR Plant Science: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Plants of the World Online: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Tropicos: Pleiocarpa pycnantha
Wikipedia: Pleiocarpa pycnantha

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Pleiocarpa pycnantha., retrieved 15 April 2024

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