Tabernaemontana ventricosa Hochst. ex A.DC.

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Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maforga Mission, Gondala

Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maforga Mission, Gondala

Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Roadside just before Mpunga Camp, Moribane Forest

Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zomba Community

Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Magorogodo hills, Zomba Community

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Synonyms: Conopharyngia usambarensis (K. Schum.) Stapf
Conopharyngia ventricosa (Hochst. ex A. DC.) Stapf
Tabernaemontana usambarensis K. Schum. ex Engl.
Common names: Forest toad-tree (English) Small-fruited toad-tree (English)
Status: Native
Small to medium sized tree. All parts with milky latex. Leaves opposite, crowded near the ends of branches, oblong, leathery, glossy dark green. Flowers in small terminal clusters, white; petals somewhat twisted. Fruits in spreading pairs of oval, beaked pods.
Derivation of specific name: ventricosa: ventricose, unevenly swollen or inflated on one side
Habitat: Understorey of evergreen forest
Altitude range: Up to 1850 m
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Throughout East and Central Africa, southwards to Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N,MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 21 March 2014

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 802. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 54.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 27.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 269.

Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. & Kupicha, F.K. et al. (1985). Apocynaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 443 - 444.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 19.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 78. In error as Gardenia. Both text and image appear to refer to T. ventricosa. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 45.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 72.

Other sources of information about Tabernaemontana ventricosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Flora of Malawi: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Flora of Zambia: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tabernaemontana ventricosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tabernaemontana ventricosa
African Plant Database: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tabernaemontana ventricosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tabernaemontana ventricosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tabernaemontana ventricosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Plants of the World Online: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Tropicos: Tabernaemontana ventricosa
Wikipedia: Tabernaemontana ventricosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Tabernaemontana ventricosa., retrieved 27 May 2024

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