Orbea umbracula (M.D. Hend.) L.C. Leach

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Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Dzobo. S Mutare

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
30 km S of Odzi, in Marange.

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
3km S of Gomira Dip Musikavanhu T.T.L Sabi valley

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
30 km South of Mutare, Zimbabwe.

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Judd Welwitch
Along Birchenough Bridge - Masvingo road about 25-30 km from Birchenough Bridge.

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Synonyms: Ceropegia umbracula (M.D. Hend.) Bruyns
Stapelia umbracula (M.D. Henderson) P.V. Heath
Stultitia umbracula M.D. Hend.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare and local
Status: Native
Low-growing succulent perennial with mottled greyish branches. Flowers with corolla lobes strongly reflexed, clasping the pedicel, chocolate-brown, mottled or striped with yellow at the tips of the lobes, rarely rusty-brown. Corona lobes yellow, spreading.
Notes: Known from several collections near the mouth of the Save River, more than 200km East of the known Zimbabwean localities.
Derivation of specific name: umbracula: umbrella-like, referring to the strongly reflexed corolla lobes.
Habitat: In leaflitter of Baikaea plurijuga or Androstachys johnstonii forest
Altitude range: 20 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Restricted to the lower parts of the Eastern Highlands as well as the Save-Limpopo lowveld.
Mozambique distribution: GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 6 November 2011

Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Asclepiadaceae Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants Springer-Verlag Page 202.

Bruyns, P.V. (2002). Monograph of Orbea and Ballyanthus (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae-Ceropegieae) Systematic Botany Monographs 63 Pages 158 - 160. (Includes a picture).

Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar Volume I Umdaus Press, Hatfield, South Africa Pages 308 - 310. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 178.

Goyder, D.J., Gilbert, M.G. & Venter, H.J.T. (2020). Apocynaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 7(2) Pages 224 - 225.

Leach, L.C. (1975). The Reinstatement of Orbea Haw. (Asclepiadaceae) Kirkia 10(1) Page 291.

Leach, L.C. (1978). A contribution towards a new classification of Stapelieae (Asclepiadaceae) with a preliminary review of Orbea Haw. and descriptions of three new genera Excelsa Taxonomic Series No. 1 Aloe, Cactus and Succulent Society of Zimbabwe Pages 44 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 133.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 21.

Other sources of information about Orbea umbracula:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Orbea umbracula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orbea umbracula
African Plant Database: Orbea umbracula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orbea umbracula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orbea umbracula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orbea umbracula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Orbea umbracula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orbea umbracula
JSTOR Plant Science: Orbea umbracula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orbea umbracula
Plants of the World Online: Orbea umbracula
Tropicos: Orbea umbracula
Wikipedia: Orbea umbracula

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Orbea umbracula.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=146650, retrieved 20 May 2024

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