Orbea umbracula (M.D. Hend.) L.C. Leach

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Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Dzobo. S Mutare

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
30 km S of Odzi, in Marange.

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
3km S of Gomira Dip Musikavanhu T.T.L Sabi valley

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Darrel Plowes
30 km South of Mutare, Zimbabwe.

Orbea umbracula

Photo: Judd Welwitch
Along Birchenough Bridge - Masvingo road about 25-30 km from Birchenough Bridge.

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Synonyms: Stapelia umbracula (M.D. Henderson) P.V. Heath
Stultitia umbracula M.D. Hend.
Common names:
Frequency: Rare and local
Status: Native
Low-growing succulent perennial with mottled greyish branches. Flowers with corolla lobes strongly reflexed, clasping the pedicel, chocolate-brown, mottled or striped with yellow at the tips of the lobes, rarely rusty-brown. Corona lobes yellow, spreading.
Notes: Known from several collections near the mouth of the Save River, more than 200km East of the known Zimbabwean localities.
Derivation of specific name: umbracula: umbrella-like, referring to the strongly reflexed corolla lobes.
Habitat: In leaflitter of Baikaea plurijuga or Androstachys johnstonii forest
Altitude range: 20 m (approx)
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and Mozambique. Restricted to the lower parts of the Eastern Highlands as well as the Save-Limpopo lowveld.
Mozambique distribution: GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status: Data deficient
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 6 November 2011

Albers, F. & Meve, U. (eds.) (2002). Asclepiadaceae Illustrated Handbook of Succulent Plants Springer-Verlag Page 202.

Bruyns, P.V. (2002). Monograph of Orbea and Ballyanthus (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae-Ceropegieae) Systematic Botany Monographs 63 Pages 158 - 160. (Includes a picture).

Bruyns, P.V. (2005). Stapeliads of Southern Africa and Madagascar Volume I Umdaus Press, Hatfield, South Africa Pages 308 - 310. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 178.

Leach, L.C. (1975). The Reinstatement of Orbea Haw. (Asclepiadaceae) Kirkia 10(1) Page 291.

Leach, L.C. (1978). A contribution towards a new classification of Stapelieae (Asclepiadaceae) with a preliminary review of Orbea Haw. and descriptions of three new genera Excelsa Taxonomic Series No. 1 Aloe, Cactus and Succulent Society of Zimbabwe Pages 44 - 45. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. (2002). Endemic Plant Species of Zimbabwe. Kirkia 18(1) Page 133.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 21.

Other sources of information about Orbea umbracula:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Orbea umbracula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orbea umbracula
African Plant Database: Orbea umbracula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orbea umbracula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orbea umbracula
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Orbea umbracula
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Orbea umbracula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orbea umbracula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Orbea umbracula
iNaturalist: Orbea umbracula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orbea umbracula
JSTOR Plant Science: Orbea umbracula
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Orbea umbracula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orbea umbracula
Plants of the World Online: Orbea umbracula
Tropicos: Orbea umbracula
Wikipedia: Orbea umbracula

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Orbea umbracula.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=146650, retrieved 18 January 2022

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