Heliotropium zeylanicum (Burm. f.) Lam.

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Heliotropium zeylanicum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mozambique-Zimbabwe Border

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Synonyms: Heliotropium subulatum (A.DC.) Vatke
Tournefortia subulata Hochst. ex A. DC.
Common names:
Status: Native
Erect or procumbent perennial herb, up to 80 cm, growing from a thick rootstock. Leaves subsessile, linear-lanceolate, up to c. 10 cm long with longish stiff hairs above and on the veins below, often with small orange glands on the undersurface; margin entire. Flowers in elongating inflorescences, eventually up to 25(-30) cm long, greenish or cream with long caudate-acuminate lobes. Fruits almost round, up to 2.5 mm in diameter, hairless, usually brown.
Derivation of specific name: zeylanicum: from Sri Lanka (Ceylon)
Habitat: In sandy soils on riverbanks, edges of lakes and dry open woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Arabia, Pakistan and India.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 4 October 2022

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 117. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Martins, E.S. (1990). Boraginaceae Flora Zambesiaca 7(4) Page 89. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 41.

Other sources of information about Heliotropium zeylanicum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Flora of Caprivi: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Heliotropium zeylanicum
Flora of Malawi: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Flora of Zambia: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Heliotropium zeylanicum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Heliotropium zeylanicum
African Plant Database: Heliotropium zeylanicum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Heliotropium zeylanicum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Heliotropium zeylanicum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Heliotropium zeylanicum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Heliotropium zeylanicum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Heliotropium zeylanicum
JSTOR Plant Science: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Plants of the World Online: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Tropicos: Heliotropium zeylanicum
Wikipedia: Heliotropium zeylanicum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Heliotropium zeylanicum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=148430, retrieved 7 December 2023

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