Vitex patula E.A. Bruce

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Synonyms: Vitex isotjensis sensu auct. non Gibbs
Common names:
Status: Native
Many-stemmed, spreading shrub up to 4 m tall; bark fissured, grey to greyish-brown; young branches orange-tawny hairy to shortly woolly on new growth. Leaves 3- sometimes 5-foliolate; leaflets oblong-elliptic to narrow obovate, 3–9 cm long, rounded-obtuse or occasionally emarginate at the apex, somewhat chartaceous, drying a dark olive-green, paler beneath, more or less scabridulous above with minute bristles, sparsely puberulous to shortly woolly in young leaves beneath with hairs mainly on the nerves, gland-dotted; margin entire or sometimes more or less crenate in upper half; petiole up to 7 cm long, not grooved. Inflorescences axillary, 3–10 cm long, orange-tawny hairy; bracteoles usually linear, 0.5–1.5 cm long. Calyx obconical, 5-lobed, gland-dotted, woolly outside with shortly tangled hairs. Corolla c. 8 mm long, shortly woolly outside, not gland-dotted; tube creamy-white, 4–5 mm long; lobes mauve. Fruit an ellipsoid-spherical drupe, 0.9–1.3 cm long, rounded at the apex, rounded, c. 1/3 enclosed in the enlarged calyx, black at maturity.
Derivation of specific name: patula: spreading
Habitat: Deciduous woodland on sandy soil, on rocky hillsides and in coastal bush.
Altitude range: 20 - 400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Limpopo South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: Z,GI,M
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 854. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37. As Vitex isotjensis

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 984 - 985.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 79.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Vitex isotjensis

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 89 - 90.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 57.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 582 - 583. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Vitex patula:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Vitex patula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex patula
African Plant Database: Vitex patula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex patula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex patula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex patula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Vitex patula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex patula
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex patula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex patula
Plants of the World Online: Vitex patula
Tropicos: Vitex patula
Wikipedia: Vitex patula

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Vitex patula., retrieved 16 July 2024

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