Rotheca hirsuta (Hochst.) R. Fern.

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Rotheca hirsuta

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Lebombos Hills, close to Namaacha

Rotheca hirsuta

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Lebombos Hills, close to Namaacha

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Synonyms: Clerodendrum hirsutum (Hochst.) H. Pearson
Clerodendrum natalense G├╝rke
Clerodendrum pearsonii Moldenke
Clerodendrum triphyllum (Harv.) H. Pearson
Cyclonema hirsutum Hochst.
Syphonanthus triphyllus Hiern ex S. Moore
Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial herb or suffrutex with 1-several simple stems up to 75 cm tall, growing from a woody rootstock. Leaves 3-whorled, rarely opposite or 4-whorled, subsessile, mostly elliptic-oblong, up to 5 cm long, densely gland-dotted beneath. flowers in 1-3-flowered axillary clusters, deep or bright blue, violet-blue or lilac-blue with violet, yellow or white stripes on the mid lobe. Fruit deeply lobed, c. 8 mm long, black.
Notes: Two forms are recognized: forma hirsuta is usually more or less densely hairy on stems, leaves and calyx; forma triphylla is mostly hairless or sometimes pubescent on the calyx. Both forms are found in the same areas.
Derivation of specific name: hirsuta: covered with long, moderately stiff and not interwoven hairs; hirsute
Habitat: In wooded grassland and along margins of forest on mountain sides.
Altitude range: 350 - 1150 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 9 August 2015

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 14. As Clerodendrum triphyllum

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Pages 126 - 127.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 470 - 471. as Clerodendrum hirsutum (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 79.

Other sources of information about Rotheca hirsuta:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Rotheca hirsuta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rotheca hirsuta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rotheca hirsuta
African Plant Database: Rotheca hirsuta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rotheca hirsuta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rotheca hirsuta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rotheca hirsuta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rotheca hirsuta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rotheca hirsuta
JSTOR Plant Science: Rotheca hirsuta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rotheca hirsuta
Plants of the World Online: Rotheca hirsuta
Tropicos: Rotheca hirsuta
Wikipedia: Rotheca hirsuta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Rotheca hirsuta., retrieved 11 December 2023

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