Equilabium laxiflorum (Benth.) Mwany. & A.J.Paton

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Equilabium laxiflorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slope above Nhamassa River Valley, Mt Gorongosa

Equilabium laxiflorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slope above Nhamassa River Valley, Mt Gorongosa

Equilabium laxiflorum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Slope above Nhamassa River Valley, Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Germanea laxiflora (Benth.) Hiern
Plectranthus albus Gürke
Plectranthus kondowensis Baker
Plectranthus laxiflorus Benth.
Plectranthus lilacinus Gürke
Plectranthus violaceus Gürke
Common names: Citronella spur-flower (English) White spur flower (English)
Status: Native
Tall, strongly aromatic, perennial herb with scrambling stems up to 4 m long. Leaves opposite, triangular-cordate, 3-12 cm long, pubescent to hairy beneath and with red sessile glands; margin crenate or toothed, often slightly rolled under and purplish; petiole 1-12 cm long. Inflorescence terminal with few branches, fairly lax with 6-10-flowered clusters up to 2 cm apart. Calyx 2-3mm long with red sessile glands. Corolla usually white or pale mauve with darker markings, rarely blue.
Notes: This species has a very strong lemon scent, readily obtained by crushing the leaves.
Derivation of specific name: laxiflorus: with lax or open inflorescences
Habitat: Forest margins and clearings.
Altitude range: 900 - 2000 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern DRC, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 12 June 2012

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 188. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 44. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Goodier, R. & Phipps, J.B. (1961). A revised checklist of the vascular plants of the Chimanimani Mountains Kirkia 1 Page 62. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 56. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Paton, A.J. et al. (2009). Lamiaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 250 - 251. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Paton, A.J. et al. (2013). Lamiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(8) Pages 210 - 211. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Paton, A.J., Mwanyambo, M., Govaerts, R.H.A., Smitha, K., Suddee, S., Phillipson, P.B., Wilson, T.C., Forster, P.I., Culham, A. (2019). Nomenclatural changes in Coleus and Plectranthus (Lamiaceae): a tale of more than two genera Phytokeys 129 Page 118.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 70. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 186 - 187. as Plectranthus laxiflorus (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93. as Plectranthus laxiflorus

Other sources of information about Equilabium laxiflorum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Equilabium laxiflorum
Flora of Zambia: Equilabium laxiflorum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Equilabium laxiflorum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Equilabium laxiflorum
African Plant Database: Equilabium laxiflorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Equilabium laxiflorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Equilabium laxiflorum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Equilabium laxiflorum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Equilabium laxiflorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Equilabium laxiflorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Equilabium laxiflorum
iNaturalist: Equilabium laxiflorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Equilabium laxiflorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Equilabium laxiflorum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Equilabium laxiflorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Equilabium laxiflorum
Plants of the World Online: Equilabium laxiflorum
Tropicos: Equilabium laxiflorum
Wikipedia: Equilabium laxiflorum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Equilabium laxiflorum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=149910, retrieved 18 May 2022

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