Lycium shawii Roem. & Schult.

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Lycium shawii

Photo: Jean-Pierre Félu
Near junction of Percy Avenue and Donegal Road, Bulawayo

Lycium shawii

Photo: Jean-Pierre Félu
Near junction of Percy Avenue and Donegal Road, Bulawayo

Lycium shawii

Photo: Jean-Pierre Félu
Near junction of Percy Avenue and Donegal Road, Bulawayo

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Synonyms: Lycium albiflorum Dammer
Lycium europaeum L.
Lycium persicum auct.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Erect spreading shrub to 3 m, rarely a small tree to 4.5 m. Long branches curving, sometimes pendulous. Spines 5-10 mm long. Leaves in clusters of 2-6; petiole 2-5 mm; lamina green, glossy above, paler beneath, sometimes semi-succulent, 2-3.5 × 0.8-1 cm, obovate to elliptic or lanceolate, glabrous or with microscopic glandular hairs. Flowers bisexual, 5-merous. Calyx 3-5 mm, glabrous. Corolla creamy-white to pale mauve; tube narrow, 12-16 mm long; lobes 3-4 mm long, sparsely ciliate. Stamens unequal, 3 included and 3 exserted; filaments glabrous. Fruit 3-5 mm in diameter, red, spherical to slightly obovoid.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Africa from Egypt to Ethiopia, East Africa and southwards to NE South Africa; also in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, Arabia and western India.
Mozambique distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 863. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 272. As Lycium europaeum

Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Solanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(4) Pages 40 - 42. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 79.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 106.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 74. As Lycium persicum (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Lycium shawii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Lycium shawii
Flora of Caprivi: Lycium shawii
Flora of Malawi: Lycium shawii
Flora of Zambia: Lycium shawii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Lycium shawii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Lycium shawii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Lycium shawii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Lycium shawii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Lycium shawii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Lycium shawii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Lycium shawii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Lycium shawii
iNaturalist: Lycium shawii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Lycium shawii
JSTOR Plant Science: Lycium shawii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Lycium shawii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Lycium shawii
Plants of the World Online: Lycium shawii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Lycium shawii
Tropicos: Lycium shawii
Wikipedia: Lycium shawii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Lycium shawii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=150480, retrieved 14 November 2019

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