Craterostigma nummulariifolium (D. Don) Eb. Fisch., Schäferh. & Kai Müll.

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Craterostigma nummulariifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Manager's compound, SDH Tea Estate, Gurue, Zambesia

Craterostigma nummulariifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
Manager's compound, SDH Tea Estate, Gurue, Zambesia

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Synonyms: Lindernia montana Hiern
Lindernia nummulariifolia (D. Don) Wettst. var. sessiliflora (Benth.) Hiern
Lindernia nummulariifolia (D. Don) Wettst.
Lindernia sessiliflora (Benth.) Wettst.
Mitranthus latifolius Hochst.
Mitranthus triflorus Hochst.
Pyxidaria nummularifolia (D. Don) Kuntze
Vandellia nummularifolia D. Don
Vandellia sessiliflora Benth.
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect annual herb up to c. 14 cm high, branching from near the base. Leaves opposite, subsessile, broadly ovate to almost circular, 9-20 mm long, shortly hairy on margins and veins beneath; margin serrate-crenate. Flowers solitary in the upper leaf axils, Pedicels 3-14 mm long slender. Calyx 2.5-3.5 mm long; lobes 1-1.5 mm long unequal. Corolla blue to lilac with darker blue or violet tinge, c. 6 mm long; upper lip oblong, 2 mm long, entire; lower lip 3-lobed, 2.5 mm long. Capsule ovoid-cylindric, 4.5-6 mm long, shortly beaked.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: nummulariifolia: with coin-like, almost circular leaves
Habitat: Along streams and marshes and in rock crevices on rocky out crops, usually in wet, mossy or acidic soils.
Altitude range: Up to 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa and Madagascar. Also in Asia from India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Birma, China and Thailand.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 20 May 2012
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 268. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 24.

Fischer, E. (1992). Systematik der afrikanischen Lindernieae (Scrophulariaceae) Tropische und subtropische Pflanzenwelt 81 Pages 225 - 229. (Includes a picture).

Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Scrophulariaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 80.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 78.

Philcox, D. (1990). Scrophulariaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(2) Page 65.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 98.

Other sources of information about Craterostigma nummulariifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Flora of Zambia: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Craterostigma nummulariifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
African Plant Database: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
iNaturalist: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Plants of the World Online: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
The Plant List (version 1.1): Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Tropicos: Craterostigma nummulariifolium
Wikipedia: Craterostigma nummulariifolium


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Craterostigma nummulariifolium.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=151460, retrieved 20 October 2019

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