Fernandoa magnifica Seem.

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Fernandoa magnifica

Photo: Fraser Gear
West of road 5, across Musicadzi River, Gorongosa National Park.

Fernandoa magnifica

Photo: Fraser Gear
West of road 5, across Musicadzi River, Gorongosa National Park.

Fernandoa magnifica

Photo: Fraser Gear
West of road 5, across Musicadzi River, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Heterophragma longipes Baker
Common names: Fernandoa (English)
Status: Native
Small, often multi-stemmed tree. Bark grey to pale brown, rough and fissured with distinct pale lenticels. Leaves opposite, imparipinnate with 4-7 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets lanceolate to oblong; margin entire or sometimes obscurely crenate-dentate. Flowers in many-flowered racemes with a stout rhachis, spectacular, bright orange-red with a yellow centre; corolla bell-shaped, up to 10 cm in diameter, shallowly lobed with 4 large stamens protruding; anther thecae 9-12 mm long. Fruit a long. slender capsule, 30-55 cm long, flattened, spirally twisted, pale brown, dehiscent.
Notes: The species known as F. magnifica in the account in FZ has subsequently been split into 2 species which occur in the FZ area. The species occurring in Zimbabwe remains F. magnifica, whereas plants from Malawi have been named F. abbreviata Bidgood. F. abbreviata is cultivated in the National Botanic Gardens in Harare and also in gardens in Harare. We have therefore included it as a cultivated plant.

The two species may be separated using the following key, adapted from Bidgood:

1. Flowers borne singly or in few-flowered inflorescences without a stout rhachis; anther-thecae 5-8 mm ... abbreviata

1. Flowers in many-flowered racemes with a stout rhachis; anther-thecae 9-12 mm ... magnifica
Derivation of specific name: magnifica: magnificent, beautiful
Habitat: On sandy soils in dry forest and woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: Z?,MS,GI
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Epiphora mythimnia (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 1 September 2016

Bidgood, S (1994). Synopsis of the Continental African Species of Fernandoa (Bignoniaceae) Kew Bulletin 49(3) Pages 385 - 386. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 876. (Includes a picture).

Diniz, M.A. (1988). Bignoniaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 81 - 83. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 273.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 163.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Other sources of information about Fernandoa magnifica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Fernandoa magnifica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Fernandoa magnifica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Fernandoa magnifica
African Plant Database: Fernandoa magnifica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Fernandoa magnifica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Fernandoa magnifica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Fernandoa magnifica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Fernandoa magnifica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Fernandoa magnifica
JSTOR Plant Science: Fernandoa magnifica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Fernandoa magnifica
Plants of the World Online: Fernandoa magnifica
Tropicos: Fernandoa magnifica
Wikipedia: Fernandoa magnifica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Fernandoa magnifica.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152440, retrieved 30 November 2023

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