Dicerocaryum senecioides (Klotzsch) Abels

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Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road no. 11, Gorongosa National Park

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road no. 11, Gorongosa National Park

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
At ISPM, Chimoio

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Tongai Castigo
Palmeiras, Beira

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Tongai Castigo
Palmeiras, Beira

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

Dicerocaryum senecioides

Photo: Sune Holt
Munavalate, Vilanculos Distr., Inhambane, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Dicerocaryum zanguebarium sensu Stapf
Pretrea artemisiaefolia Klotzsch
Pretrea forbesii Decne.
Pretrea loasifolia Klotzsch
Pretrea senecioides Klotzsch
Common names: Boot protectors (English) Devil thorn (English) Stud plant (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Prostrate perennial with annual creeping stems, occurring almost throughout Zimbabwe. Stems almost hairless or somewhat pubescent. Leaves opposite, usually narrowly ovate in outline, up to 2.7 cm long, often more or less deeply pinnately lobed; margin coarsely crenate-serrate. Flowers solitary, axillary, very pale to deep pink or mauve, usually with darker spots on the lower lip and in the throat. Fruit broadly elliptic in outline, 16-27 mm long, hairless or slightly pubescent, with 2 erect spines on a distinctly raised upper surface.
Notes: The distinctive fruits, armed with a pair of sharp points, which easily penetrate animal hooves, boots and even car tyres, aiding seed dispersal.
Derivation of specific name: senecioides: resembling a Senecio, reference unclear.
Habitat: Favouring bare ground and poor soils and thus forming a good prevention against soil erosion.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Dec - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Malawi, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe and South Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 23 August 2014
Literature:

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Pages 186 - 187. also as Dicerocaryum forbesii (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13. As Dicerocaryum senecioides senecioides

Ihlenfeldt, H.-D. (1988). Pedaliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 8(3) Pages 107 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 121, plate 162

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 91.

Wild, H. (undated, c. 1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds ?Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 100. as Dicerocaryum zanguebarium (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Dicerocaryum senecioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Flora of Malawi: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dicerocaryum senecioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dicerocaryum senecioides
African Plant Database: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Dicerocaryum senecioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dicerocaryum senecioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dicerocaryum senecioides
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dicerocaryum senecioides
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dicerocaryum senecioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dicerocaryum senecioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dicerocaryum senecioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dicerocaryum senecioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dicerocaryum senecioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dicerocaryum senecioides
The Plant List (version 1.1): Dicerocaryum senecioides
Tropicos: Dicerocaryum senecioides


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Dicerocaryum senecioides.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=152610, retrieved 22 September 2018

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