Hygrophila cataractae S. Moore

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Hygrophila cataractae

Photo: Mike Bingham
Mporokoso District, Kalungwishi River, Lumangwe Falls.

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Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Erect, procumbent or ascending perennial herb. Stems up to 75 cm long, 4-angular, hairless or finely velvety in the upper parts, sometimes with scattered stalked glands. Leaves more or less narrowly elliptic, up to 7 cm long, hairless on both sides or with sparse short hairs above. Flowers in 1-12-flowered clusters, together forming a spike-like or sometimes branched inflorescence up to 25 cm long; axes more or less densely velvety with scattered longer hairs, stalked glands and lanceolate to narrowly ovate leaf-like bracts, up to 1.5 cm long. Corolla white to pale yellowish with indistinct bluish veining, 11-14 mm long, 2-lipped; lower lip broadly obovate with red-tipped hairs, shallowly 3-lobed. Capsule 4-9 mm long, finely velvety with a few glands near the apex.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Occurring in riverbeds and on riverbanks.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 178.

Vollesen, K. (2013). Acanthaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 8(5) Page 109.

Other sources of information about Hygrophila cataractae:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hygrophila cataractae
Flora of Zambia: Hygrophila cataractae
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hygrophila cataractae

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hygrophila cataractae
African Plant Database: Hygrophila cataractae
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hygrophila cataractae
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hygrophila cataractae
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hygrophila cataractae
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hygrophila cataractae
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hygrophila cataractae
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hygrophila cataractae
iNaturalist: Hygrophila cataractae
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hygrophila cataractae
JSTOR Plant Science: Hygrophila cataractae
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hygrophila cataractae
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hygrophila cataractae
Plants of the World Online: Hygrophila cataractae
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hygrophila cataractae
Tropicos: Hygrophila cataractae
Wikipedia: Hygrophila cataractae


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hygrophila cataractae.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=153100, retrieved 23 August 2019

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