Justicia flava (Vahl) Vahl

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Justicia flava

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Sofala, Mozambique

Justicia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along walking trail, Catapu, Sofala

Justicia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along walking trail, Catapu, Sofala

Justicia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along walking trail, Catapu, Sofala

Justicia flava

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along track from Nhagutua Gorge to rangerpost, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Yellow justicia (English)
Status: Native
Erect, branched perennial herb, up to c. 80 cm tall. Leaves opposite, lower leaves more or less broadly ovate, often more narrowly lanceolate-elliptic higher on the stems, mostly hairless above, thinly hairy below. Flowers in terminal spikes, yellow, held in overlapping green bracts covered in long spreading hairs.
Notes: Superficially similar to Justicia kirkiana but, apart from being a perennial herb with a more branched, shrubby habit, the leaves are broader ovate, particularly below, and much less hairy. The inflorescence is hairy but not woolly.
Derivation of specific name: flava: yellow
Habitat: Grassland, woodland and scrub.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - May
Worldwide distribution: Tropical East Africa to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Sarangesa motozi (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 16 December 2013

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 195. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 19.

Darbyshire, I., Vollesen, K. & Kelbessa, E. (2015). Acanthaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 8(6) Pages 178 - 180. (Includes a picture).

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 390 - 391. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 122. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 14.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 19.

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 306 - 307. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 18.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 23.

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 94 - 95. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Justicia flava:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Justicia flava
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Justicia flava
Flora of Malawi: Justicia flava
Flora of Zambia: Justicia flava
Flora of Zimbabwe: Justicia flava

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Justicia flava
African Plant Database: Justicia flava
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Justicia flava
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Justicia flava
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Justicia flava
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Justicia flava
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Justicia flava
JSTOR Plant Science: Justicia flava
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Justicia flava
Plants of the World Online: Justicia flava
Tropicos: Justicia flava
Wikipedia: Justicia flava

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Justicia flava.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=154450, retrieved 29 February 2024

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