Cordylostigma virgatum (Willd.) Groeninckx & Dessein

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Cordylostigma virgatum

Photo: Bart Wursten

Cordylostigma virgatum

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Synonyms: Hedyotis gerrardii Harv. ex Sond.
Hedyotis setifera (DC.) Steudel
Hedyotis setifera (DC.) Steudel var. pubescens Sond.
Hedyotis virgata Willd.
Kohautia parviflora Benth.
Kohautia setifera DC.
Kohautia virgata (Willd.) Bremek.
Kohautia virgata (Willd.) Bremek. var. oblanceolata Bremek.
Oldenlandia caffra Eckl. & Zeyh. pro parte
Oldenlandia moandensis De Wild.
Oldenlandia parviflora (Benth.) Oliv.
Oldenlandia virgata (Willd.) DC.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Erect, ascending or straggling annual or perennial herb, up to 60 cm tall. Stems 1-many from a woody base, slightly ribbed, hairless or more or less densely hairy lower on the stems. Leaves opposite, narrowly linear to linear-lanceolate, sometimes filiform, 19-32 mm long, hairless or somewhat roughly hairy above, on the margin and on the midrib beneath; margin often rolled under. Stipular sheath with 2-6 reflexed fimbriae, 1.4-5 mm long. Flowers in more or less lax branched heads, 2 or rarely 3 flowers at each node. Corolla 4-lobed, white, cream, yellowish, bluish, mauve, purple, pink or red; tube 2.7-7 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: virgata: twiggy
Habitat: in grassland and woodland, on coastal sandflats and stabilized sand dunes, along paths and roads and on cultivated land, always in moist sandy or stony ground.
Altitude range: Up to 1700 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Madagascar and the Comoro Islands.
Mozambique distribution: Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 17 October 2017

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 23.

Fabian, A. & Germishuizen, G. (1997). Wild Flowers of Northern South Africa. Fernwood Press, Vlaeburg. Pages 400 - 401. (Includes a picture).

Groeninckx, I., Ochoterena, H., Smets, E. & Dessein, S. (2010). Molecular phylogenetic and morphological study of Kohautia (Spermacoceae, Rubiaceae), with the recognition of the new genus Cordylostigma Taxon 59(5) Pages 1466 - 1467. as Cordylostigma virgata

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 417. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 106. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 89.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 97.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28. As Kohautia virgata

Van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. (1988). Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Witwatersrand and Pretoria Region Struik, Cape Town Pages 232 - 233. (Includes a picture).

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 96 - 98. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Cordylostigma virgatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Cordylostigma virgatum
Flora of Caprivi: Cordylostigma virgatum
Flora of Malawi: Cordylostigma virgatum
Flora of Zambia: Cordylostigma virgatum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cordylostigma virgatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cordylostigma virgatum
African Plant Database: Cordylostigma virgatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cordylostigma virgatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cordylostigma virgatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Cordylostigma virgatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Cordylostigma virgatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cordylostigma virgatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Cordylostigma virgatum
iNaturalist: Cordylostigma virgatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cordylostigma virgatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Cordylostigma virgatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Cordylostigma virgatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cordylostigma virgatum
Plants of the World Online: Cordylostigma virgatum
Tropicos: Cordylostigma virgatum
Wikipedia: Cordylostigma virgatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cordylostigma virgatum., retrieved 27 March 2023

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