Hymenodictyon floribundum (Hochst. & Steud.) B. L. Rob.

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Hymenodictyon floribundum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Small valley North-east of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

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Synonyms: Hymenodictyon kurria Hochst.
Kurria floribunda Hochst. & Steud.
Common names: Fire bush (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree to 6 m. Inflorescence long, 6 - 22 cm, with, at the base, a pair of characteristic long-petiolate, leaf-like elliptic-lanceolate bracts, 3.5 - 10 cm long. Stipules often 2-fid. Leaves: lamina 5 - 18 × 2 - 11.5 cm, elliptic to obovate; with venation drying finely reticulate beneath; glabrous above and beneath except for the domatia but, in some forms, hairy to even tomentose beneath; apex shortly acuminate; domatia present. Inflorescence a dense terminal spike. Corolla reddish-brown; tube 4-7 mm; lobes 0.8 mm. Capsule 1 - 1.5 cm long, brown with pale lenticels. Seeds 0.7 - 1 cm, winged.
Derivation of specific name: floribundum: with abundant flowers
Habitat: In rocky terrain, often as as a constituent of shallow vegetation "islands" overlying sheet rock. Occasionally along the margins of riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep to Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread throughout tropical Africa from Guinea to Ethiopia and south to Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Content last updated: Sunday 14 June 2009

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 424 - 426. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 242. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 1036 - 1037. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 79. As Hymenodictyon kurria (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 163.

Other sources of information about Hymenodictyon floribundum:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Flora of Zambia: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hymenodictyon floribundum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenodictyon floribundum
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Hymenodictyon floribundum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenodictyon floribundum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenodictyon floribundum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenodictyon floribundum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenodictyon floribundum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenodictyon floribundum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenodictyon floribundum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenodictyon floribundum
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenodictyon floribundum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenodictyon floribundum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hymenodictyon floribundum
Tropicos: Hymenodictyon floribundum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hymenodictyon floribundum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155120, retrieved 22 February 2018

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