Hymenodictyon parvifolium Oliv.
subsp. parvifolium

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Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, northwestern Gorongosa National Park

Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, northwestern Gorongosa National Park

Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium

Photo: Bart Wursten
River Above Nharizengere Falls, northwestern Gorongosa National Park

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Yellow firebush (English)
Status: Native
Scrambling shrub or small tree up to 6 m high. Inflorescence 1-8 cm long, shorter than H. floribundum, lacking the pair of characteristic bracts of that species. Stipules often 2-fid. Leaves elliptic to oblanceolate, 1-9 × 1-5 cm, with venation not drying reticulate beneath; hairless to densely scaly-hairy; apex obtuse to acuminate. Inflorescence a terminal spike, often with additional lateral spikes, the whole forming a panicle. Corolla white, greenish or yellow; tube 2.5-5 mm; lobes 1.5 × 1 mm. Capsule 1.5 - 2.5(-4) cm long, reddish-brown, with prominent lenticels. Seeds 0.8 - 1.6 cm, winged.
Derivation of specific name: parvifolium: with small leaves
Habitat: In woodland at low altitudes
Altitude range: 250 - 1110 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 24 December 2015

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 426 - 427. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1018. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1037. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 274. As Hymenodictyon parvifolium

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 72.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 89.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 628 - 629. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 163.

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 280 - 281. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium
Flora of Zambia: Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
African Plant Database: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
iNaturalist: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenodictyon parvifolium
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Plants of the World Online: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Tropicos: Hymenodictyon parvifolium
Wikipedia: Hymenodictyon parvifolium

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hymenodictyon parvifolium subsp. parvifolium.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155130, retrieved 29 September 2022

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