Catunaregam swynnertonii (S. Moore) Bridson

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Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Catunaregam spinosa sensu Verdcourt subsp. spinosa
Randia dumetorum sensu Hiern
Randia swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names: Nhacampumba (Sena) Sand bone-apple (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Multi-stemmed shrub, rarely a small tree, armed with stout, woody, spines. Leaves in clusters on short side shoots, just below the spines, obovate, dark green, paler below, hairless to sparsely velvety above; apex rounded, often notched. Flowers Gardenia-like in 3-7-flowered clusters, white fading to yellow, densely silky on the outside, sweetly scented. Fruit broadly ellipsoid, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, velvety, crowned by the calyx lobes.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: swynnertonii: named after Charles Francis Massey Swynnerton (1877-1938), well-known naturalist, who first recorded and collected many species of flora and fauna in and around the Chirinda Forest
Habitat: In sand forest and mixed woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 639 - 641.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 964. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7. As Catunaregam spinosa spinosa

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 92.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Other sources of information about Catunaregam swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Catunaregam swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Catunaregam swynnertonii
African Plant Database: Catunaregam swynnertonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Catunaregam swynnertonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Catunaregam swynnertonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Catunaregam swynnertonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Catunaregam swynnertonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Catunaregam swynnertonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Catunaregam swynnertonii
iNaturalist: Catunaregam swynnertonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Catunaregam swynnertonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Plants of the World Online: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Tropicos: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Wikipedia: Catunaregam swynnertonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Catunaregam swynnertonii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155280, retrieved 30 November 2020

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