Catunaregam swynnertonii (S. Moore) Bridson

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Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

Catunaregam swynnertonii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no.2, Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Catunaregam spinosa sensu Verdcourt subsp. spinosa
Randia dumetorum sensu Hiern
Randia swynnertonii S. Moore
Common names: Nhacampumba (Sena) Sand bone-apple (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Multi-stemmed shrub, rarely a small tree, armed with stout, woody, spines. Leaves in clusters on short side shoots, just below the spines, obovate, dark green, paler below, hairless to sparsely velvety above; apex rounded, often notched. Flowers Gardenia-like in 3-7-flowered clusters, white fading to yellow, densely silky on the outside, sweetly scented. Fruit broadly ellipsoid, c. 2.5 cm in diameter, velvety, crowned by the calyx lobes.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: swynnertonii: named after Charles Francis Massey Swynnerton (1877-1938), well-known naturalist, who first recorded and collected many species of flora and fauna in and around the Chirinda Forest
Habitat: In sand forest and mixed woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 639 - 641.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 964. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C., Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 7. As Catunaregam spinosa spinosa

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Other sources of information about Catunaregam swynnertonii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Catunaregam swynnertonii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Catunaregam swynnertonii
African Plant Database: Catunaregam swynnertonii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Catunaregam swynnertonii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Catunaregam swynnertonii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Catunaregam swynnertonii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Catunaregam swynnertonii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Catunaregam swynnertonii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Catunaregam swynnertonii
iNaturalist: Catunaregam swynnertonii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Catunaregam swynnertonii
JSTOR Plant Science: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Plants of the World Online: Catunaregam swynnertonii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Catunaregam swynnertonii
Tropicos: Catunaregam swynnertonii
Wikipedia: Catunaregam swynnertonii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Catunaregam swynnertonii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155280, retrieved 22 September 2019

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