Vangueria apiculata K. Schum.

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Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near rim of deep gorge, tributary of Mevumodzi river, Chimanimanis

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near rim of deep gorge, tributary of Mevumodzi river, Chimanimanis

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near rim of deep gorge, tributary of Mevumodzi river, Chimanimanis

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near rim of deep gorge, tributary of Mevumodzi river, Chimanimanis

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga above Nhamadzi River crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga above Nhamadzi River crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

Vangueria apiculata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along path to Mt Binga above Nhamadzi River crossing, Chimanimani National Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vangueria longicalyx Robyns
Common names: Triangle-flowered wild-medlar (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub, often with somewhat scandent long branches, or small tree. Bark greyish-brown to reddish-brown, smooth or finely ridged; young branches dark plum-coloured, lenticellate and hairless. Leaves opposite, elliptic-oblong, ovate to lanceolate, up to 17 cm long, distinctly acuminate at the apex, glossy green, mostly hairless but sometimes finely pubescent beneath; margin entire but wavy; petiole 0.5-1.5 cm long. Stipules joined at the base and a filiform tip, 3-9.5 mm long. Flowers in lax to dense untidy axillary heads, greenish-white, up to 1 cm in diameter with a conspicuous tuft of fine white hairs in the throat of the corolla. Fruit subglobose, sometimes asymmetric, 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, green to brown, hairless.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: apiculata: with a short sharp point (apiculate)
Habitat: In riverine thicket, evergreen forest, open woodland and montane grassland, often among rocks.
Altitude range: 850 - 2050 m
Flowering time:Nov - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 19 December 2019
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 254 - 255.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 255.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 933. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 57.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1076.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 29.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 94.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 81 - 82. As Vangueria longicalyx (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 170.

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 502 - 503. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 99.

Other sources of information about Vangueria apiculata:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Vangueria apiculata
Flora of Zambia: Vangueria apiculata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Vangueria apiculata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vangueria apiculata
African Plant Database: Vangueria apiculata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vangueria apiculata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vangueria apiculata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vangueria apiculata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vangueria apiculata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vangueria apiculata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vangueria apiculata
iNaturalist: Vangueria apiculata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vangueria apiculata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vangueria apiculata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vangueria apiculata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vangueria apiculata
Plants of the World Online: Vangueria apiculata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vangueria apiculata
Tropicos: Vangueria apiculata
Wikipedia: Vangueria apiculata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Vangueria apiculata.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=155700, retrieved 5 August 2020

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