Canthium inerme (L.f.) Kuntze

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Canthium inerme

Photo: Bart Wursten
Cloudlands lay-by

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Synonyms: Canthium swynnertonii S. Moore
Canthium ventosum auct.
Common names: Turkey-berry (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Trees in open, sunny situations are often spineless, while forest specimens are armed with straight spines, particularly on young shoots. Leaves opposite, elliptic, light green above, much paler below. Flowers in dense axillary clusters, small, yellow-green. Fruit oblong-ovoid, glossy green, turning brown when when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: inerme: unarmed, without spines
Habitat: On rocky hillsides and in riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution:
Mozambique distribution: MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cigaritis natalensis (Food plant)
Heterorachis devocata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 331 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 917. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 77. As Canthium ventosum

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Canthium inerme:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Canthium inerme

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium inerme
African Plant Database: Canthium inerme
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Canthium inerme
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium inerme
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium inerme
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Canthium inerme
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Canthium inerme
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium inerme
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Canthium inerme
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium inerme
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium inerme
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Canthium inerme
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium inerme
The Plant List (version 1.1): Canthium inerme
Tropicos: Canthium inerme

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Canthium inerme., retrieved 21 July 2019

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