Canthium inerme (L.f.) Kuntze

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Canthium inerme

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern Chimanimani Mts.

Canthium inerme

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern Chimanimani Mts.

Canthium inerme

Photo: Bart Wursten
Eastern Chimanimani Mts.

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Synonyms: Canthium swynnertonii S. Moore
Canthium thunbergianum Cham. & Schltdl.
Canthium ventosum auct.
Lycioserissa capensis (Thunb.) Roem. & Schult.
Lycium barbatum Murray
Lycium inerme L.f.
Plectronia swynnertonii (S. Moore) Eyles
Plectronia ventosa sensu auct. non Plectronia ventosa L.
Common names: Turkey-berry (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. Trees in open, sunny situations are often spineless, while forest specimens are armed with straight spines, particularly on young shoots. Leaves opposite, elliptic, light green above, much paler below. Flowers in dense axillary clusters, small, yellow-green. Fruit oblong-ovoid, glossy green, turning brown when when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: inerme: unarmed, without spines
Habitat: On rocky hillsides and in riverine and evergreen forest.
Altitude range: Up to 2150 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape and Western Cape Province, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Cigaritis natalensis (Food plant)
Heterorachis devocata (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 28 September 2019

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 331 - 333. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 917. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 11.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 1089. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 99.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 276.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 618 - 619. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 77. As Canthium ventosum

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 260 - 261. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 306 - 307. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Canthium inerme:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Canthium inerme

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium inerme
African Plant Database: Canthium inerme
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium inerme
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium inerme
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium inerme
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Canthium inerme
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium inerme
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium inerme
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium inerme
Plants of the World Online: Canthium inerme
Tropicos: Canthium inerme
Wikipedia: Canthium inerme

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Canthium inerme., retrieved 30 November 2023

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