Rutidea fuscescens Hiern
subsp. fuscescens

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Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens

Photo: Bart Wursten
Seldomseen, Vumba

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Synonyms: Pavetta zombana K.Schum.
Common names: Single tail (English)
Status: Native
A scrambling shrub or a true liane. Bark greyish and flaking, revealing a reddish-brown layer underneath. Leaves opposite, elliptic to ovate, glossy dark green above, sparsely to densely hairy below. Stipules long and needle-like. Flowers in almost round terminal clusters, white or cream. The style is distinctly exserted. Fruits yellow to red, spherical, crowned with the persistent calyx lobes. Compare with Rutidea orientalis.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 370 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and DRC southwards to Zimbabwe and Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 6 March 2009

Bridson, D.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2003). Rubiaceae, Part 3 Flora Zambesiaca 5(3) Pages 625 - 626.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 252. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 1015. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 48. As Rutidea fuscescens

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24. As Rutidea fuscescens

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277. As Rutidea fuscescens

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 169.

Other sources of information about Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens
Flora of Zambia: Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rutidea fuscescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rutidea fuscescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rutidea fuscescens
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Rutidea fuscescens
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Rutidea fuscescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rutidea fuscescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Rutidea fuscescens
iNaturalist: Rutidea fuscescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rutidea fuscescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Rutidea fuscescens
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Rutidea fuscescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rutidea fuscescens
Plants of the World Online: Rutidea fuscescens
Tropicos: Rutidea fuscescens
Wikipedia: Rutidea fuscescens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Rutidea fuscescens subsp. fuscescens., retrieved 29 March 2023

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