Psychotria pumila Hiern
var. pumila

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Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Bart Wursten
By road to Kopje Tops, Mavhuradonha Wilderness Area

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Alistair Hull
Between Chitake and Mondo rivers, about 50 meters north of track running east to west connecting these two rivers

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Alistair Hull
Between Chitake and Mondo rivers, about 50 meters north of track running east to west connecting these two rivers

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka District, Lusaka

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka District, Lusaka

Psychotria pumila var. pumila

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Lilayi Lodge, Lusaka District, Lusaka

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Psychotria albidocalyx Petit var. subumbellata
Psychotria brachythamnus K. Schum. & K. Krause
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Subshrub with erect shoots (2)5-30 cm tall growing from ± horizontal underground stems; stems shortly densely pubescent, glabrescent or glabrous, older stems longitundinally ridged; leaf blades 2-14 x 0.5-5.8 cm, narrowly elliptic to elliptic or sometimes ovate to obovate or oblanceolate, usually markedly discolorous with the underside pale or quite whitish, petiole 0.1-1 cm; stipules prominently bilobed with base 2.5-5 mm long and lobes 1.5-4 mm long; flowers 5-merous, in few to many flowered condensed subumbelliform cymes 1-1.5 cm in diameter; peduncle 0.5-6.5 cm long, pedicles 1-5(7) mm long; calyx 1 mm long with unequal short subtriangular to ovate lobes up to 0.3 mm long; corolla white, glabrous outside, tube (2.5)3-5 x c. 1 mm, oblong-lanceolate; drupes green turning yellow, orange and finally bright red with 2 subgloboes pyrenes 5-6 mm in diameter; seeds dark red, 3.5 x 3.5 x 2 mm, semi-ellipsoid or semi-globose.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: pumila: dwarf
Habitat: In Brachystegia-Julbernardia-Uapaca woodland, particularly in rocky places. Sometimes in open woodland or grassland.
Altitude range: 1000 - 1740 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 13 May 2019
Literature:

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277. as Psychotria albidocalyx

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 73.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 91.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 167.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Pages 26 - 27.

Other sources of information about Psychotria pumila var. pumila:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Psychotria pumila var. pumila
Flora of Zambia: Psychotria pumila var. pumila
Flora of Zimbabwe: Psychotria pumila var. pumila

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Psychotria pumila
African Plant Database: Psychotria pumila
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Psychotria pumila
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Psychotria pumila
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Psychotria pumila
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Psychotria pumila
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Psychotria pumila
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Psychotria pumila
iNaturalist: Psychotria pumila
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Psychotria pumila
JSTOR Plant Science: Psychotria pumila
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Psychotria pumila
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Psychotria pumila
Plants of the World Online: Psychotria pumila
Tropicos: Psychotria pumila
Wikipedia: Psychotria pumila


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Psychotria pumila var. pumila.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156470, retrieved 20 October 2021

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