Anthospermum ammannioides S.Moore

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Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Upper Northwestern plateau, Mt Gorongosa

Anthospermum ammannioides

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau between Mt Binga and Mt Nhamedimu, Chimanimani Mts.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Frequency: Locally very common
Status: Native
Shrub-like plant, usually single-stemmed, 1-3 m tall. Branches ascending to erect, densely covered with greyish hairs. Leaves in whorls of 3, narrowly (ob)lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, up to c. 6 cm long, more or less densely covered in whitish, short spreading hairs; margin entire, usually flat. Stipular sheath hairy with at least one hairy seta, 1-6.5 mm long. Flowers in dense clusters at the nodes, greenish-yellow, sometimes purple-tinged, unisexual; male and female flowers usually on different plants. Fruit with mericarps oblong to obovate, 1.5-2.5 mm long, hairless, reddish-brown.
Notes: It is a typical constituent of the ecotone between forest and grassland. It may become a dominating species in secondary montane grassland, together with the grass Eragrostis acraea and the bracken fern Pteridium aquilinum.
Though not listed in Endemic Plants Species of Zimbabwe (A. Mapaura in Kirkia 18-2, 2002), the restricted distribution of this species would justify this as a near-endemic.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Margins of forest, along streambanks and in bush clumps amongst rocks.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Zimbabwe and adjacent Mozambique (including Mt Gorongosa).
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 25 September 2011

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 902. (Includes a picture).

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 92.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 277.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 71.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Page 154.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 98.

Other sources of information about Anthospermum ammannioides:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Anthospermum ammannioides

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Anthospermum ammannioides
African Plant Database: Anthospermum ammannioides
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Anthospermum ammannioides
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Anthospermum ammannioides
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Anthospermum ammannioides
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Anthospermum ammannioides
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Anthospermum ammannioides
JSTOR Plant Science: Anthospermum ammannioides
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Anthospermum ammannioides
Plants of the World Online: Anthospermum ammannioides
Tropicos: Anthospermum ammannioides
Wikipedia: Anthospermum ammannioides

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Anthospermum ammannioides., retrieved 24 September 2023

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