Spermacoce senensis (Klotzsch) Hiern

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Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhago Camp, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Spermacoce senensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest Reserve, Cheringoma

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Synonyms: Borreria rhodesica Suesseng.
Borreria scabra (Schumach. & Thonn.) K. Schum.
Borreria scabra (Schumach. & Thonn.) K. Schum.
Borreria senensis (Klotzsch) K. Schum.
Diodia senensis Klotzsch
Mitracarpum dregeanum Sond.
Common names:
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Sparsely branched annual herb, up to 60 cm. Stems clearly 4-ribbed, covered in spreading white hairs. Leaves narrowly elliptic-lanceolate. Flowers in clusters at the nodes, white, funnel-shaped.
Derivation of specific name: senensis: from Sena on the Zambezi River in Mozambique
Habitat: In a wide variety of habitats, including as a weed of road sides and other disturbed places.
Altitude range: Up to 1650 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Namibia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 26 July 2017

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 52.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 33.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 105.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 421. (Includes a picture).

Kirby, G. (2013). Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 109. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 74.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 93.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 99.

Verdcourt, B. (1988). Rubiaceae, Part 1 Flora Zambesiaca 5(1) Page 182.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 57. as Borreria scabra (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Spermacoce senensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Caprivi: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Malawi: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Zambia: Spermacoce senensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Spermacoce senensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Spermacoce senensis
African Plant Database: Spermacoce senensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Spermacoce senensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Spermacoce senensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Spermacoce senensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Spermacoce senensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Spermacoce senensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Spermacoce senensis
iNaturalist: Spermacoce senensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Spermacoce senensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Spermacoce senensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Spermacoce senensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Spermacoce senensis
Plants of the World Online: Spermacoce senensis
Tropicos: Spermacoce senensis
Wikipedia: Spermacoce senensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Spermacoce senensis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=156800, retrieved 21 March 2023

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