Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.

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Synonyms: Cynosurus indicus L.
Common names:
Caespitose annual; culms slender, up to 85 cm tall, erect or geniculately ascending, often branching from the lower nodes; ligule sparsely and minutely ciliolate; leaf laminas 5–25 cm × 2.5–6 mm, usually folded.Racemes 1–14, 2.5–15.5 cm × 3–5.5 mm.Spikelets 4.3–5.2 mm long, elliptic; glumes acute, the inferior 1.1–2.3 mm long, 1-nerved, the superior 1.8–2.9 mm long; lemmas 2.4–3.6(4) mm long, lanceolate in profile, acute to subacute.Caryopsis 1–1.3 mm long, elliptic or lanceolate-elliptic, obliquely striate and with fine close lines perpendicular to the striae.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India
Habitat: At low altitudes, often in damp sandy soils on river banks, and common on disturbed ground at roadsides, in gardens and in cultivated fields where it is a widespread and aggressive weed of maize-lands
Altitude range: Up to 1450 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropics and subtropics throughout the world
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 156 - 158. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 455. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 37.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 135.

Wild, H. (1955). Common Rhodesian Weeds Government of Rhodesia, Salisbury Page 6. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eleusine indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eleusine indica
Flora of Caprivi: Eleusine indica
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eleusine indica
Flora of Malawi: Eleusine indica
Flora of Zambia: Eleusine indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eleusine indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eleusine indica
African Plant Database: Eleusine indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eleusine indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eleusine indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eleusine indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eleusine indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eleusine indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Eleusine indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eleusine indica
Plants of the World Online: Eleusine indica
Tropicos: Eleusine indica
Wikipedia: Eleusine indica

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eleusine indica.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=164420, retrieved 27 May 2024

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