Hymenaea verrucosa Gaertn.

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Hymenaea verrucosa

Photo: Warren McCleland
Quiterajo, Cabo Delgado.

Hymenaea verrucosa

Photo: Warren McCleland
Quiterajo, Cabo Delgado.

Hymenaea verrucosa

Photo: Warren McCleland
Quiterajo, Cabo Delgado.

Hymenaea verrucosa

Photo: Warren McCleland
9 km south-west of Quisanga

Hymenaea verrucosa

Photo: Warren McCleland
9 km south-west of Quisanga

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Trachylobium hornemannianum Hayne
Trachylobium mossambicense Klotzsch.
Trachylobium verrucosum (Gaertn.) Oliv.
Common names: Zanzibar copal (English)
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Shrub or sizeable tree up to 20 m tall. Leaves 2-foliolate, hairless. Leaflets ovate-elliptic, 5-10.5 cm long, strongly asymmetric with a distinct midrib, dark spots the visible beneath; margin entire; petiole 1.2-3 cm long. Flowers in axillary and terminal panicles. Flowers c. 15 mm long with 3 white, upper petals, almost round, c. 9 mm long and 2 minute lower ones, oblong, c. 1.5 mm long. Pod ovoid to ellipsoid, c. 5 cm long, hairless except for a ring of hairs at the base, covered with numerous resin-filled warts, indehiscent.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: verrucosa: warty
Habitat: Coastal forests, woodland and thickets, usually on sandy soils.
Altitude range: Up to 100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Along the coast from Kenya to South Africa, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 23 June 2018
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 41 - 44. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 258. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 319. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 60.

Other sources of information about Hymenaea verrucosa:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hymenaea verrucosa
African Plant Database: Hymenaea verrucosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hymenaea verrucosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hymenaea verrucosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hymenaea verrucosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hymenaea verrucosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hymenaea verrucosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hymenaea verrucosa
iNaturalist: Hymenaea verrucosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hymenaea verrucosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Hymenaea verrucosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hymenaea verrucosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hymenaea verrucosa
Plants of the World Online: Hymenaea verrucosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Hymenaea verrucosa
Tropicos: Hymenaea verrucosa
Wikipedia: Hymenaea verrucosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hymenaea verrucosa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=167990, retrieved 19 September 2019

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