Pandanus livingstonianus Rendle

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Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Buye Rotanda, lower Chimanimani

Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road to Buye Rotanda, lower Chimanimani

Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Alan Gardiner
Along road from Caia to Niacuadala

Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Mussapa pequeno river crossing, road to Chikukwa

Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along road from Munhinga to Quedas dam, Sussundenda District

Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Mussapa pequeno near crossing of Chikukwa road, lower Chimanimani Mts

Pandanus livingstonianus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zomba Community

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pandanus gasicus Huynh.
Pandanus globulatus Huynh.
Pandanus mosambicus Huynh.
Pandanus petersii Warb.
Pandanus serrimarginalis Huynh.
Common names: Screw-pine (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Small tree. Stem pale brown, supported by numerous stilt roots; stem and roots spiny. Young trees palm-like with a single terminal tuft of leaves, older trees shortly branched and pine-like with many terminal tufts. Leaves in 1-many terminal tufts of 3 spirally arranged ranks, long and linear strap-shaped, 1 m or more long, shiny bright green to dark olive-green, paler below; margin armed with backward-facing hooked prickles. Flowers unisexual; male flowers in branched, spikes, 15-20 cm long, creamy-white with conspicuous spathe-like bracts; female flowers greenish-cream in short compact spikes. Fruit small, fleshy in cone-like clusters up to 12 × 7cm.
Derivation of specific name: livingstonianus: named after the legendary Scottish explorer David Livingstone (1813-1873).
Habitat: Along river banks and in swamps.
Altitude range: Up to 900 m
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Worldwide: Mozambique and NE Zambia; probably also in D.R. Congo and Angola.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 22 March 2014

Beentje, H.J. (2009). Pandanaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(2) Pages 149 - 153. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 43. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 96. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Pandanus livingstonianus:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Pandanus livingstonianus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pandanus livingstonianus
African Plant Database: Pandanus livingstonianus
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Pandanus livingstonianus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pandanus livingstonianus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pandanus livingstonianus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pandanus livingstonianus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pandanus livingstonianus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pandanus livingstonianus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pandanus livingstonianus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pandanus livingstonianus
JSTOR Plant Science: Pandanus livingstonianus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pandanus livingstonianus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Pandanus livingstonianus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pandanus livingstonianus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pandanus livingstonianus
Tropicos: Pandanus livingstonianus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Pandanus livingstonianus., retrieved 18 March 2019

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