Canthium armatum (K. Schum.) Lantz

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Canthium armatum

Photo: Geoff Nichols
Phinda Game Reserve, northern KZN, South Africa

Canthium armatum

Photo: Geoff Nichols
Phinda Game Reserve, northern KZN, South Africa

Canthium armatum

Photo: Geoff Nichols
Phinda Game Reserve, northern KZN, South Africa

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Synonyms: Plectroniella armata (K. Schum.) Robyns
Common names: False turkey-berry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree, 1-5(-8) m tall. Spines present, 1-4 cm long, borne above short lateral branches. Leaves: lamina 3-5 × 1.5-4.5 cm, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, rounded at apex, usually glabrous; domatia present. Inflorescences many-flowered, corymbose cymes; peduncles 8-35 mm long. Calyx lobes triangular, up to 1 mm, acute. Corolla creamy-white; tube with dense fine hairs at throat. Fruit orange, 10-15 mm long, 1-3-seeded, varying in shape with number of mature seeds.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: armatum: bearing spines or thorns; armed
Habitat: In thicket and coastal forest; also in deciduous woodland on rocky slopes.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, Swaziland and southern Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 12 February 2015
Literature:

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 337 - 339. as Plectroniella armata (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 916. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 98. as Plectroniella armata

Other sources of information about Canthium armatum:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Canthium armatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium armatum
African Plant Database: Canthium armatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium armatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium armatum
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Canthium armatum
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Canthium armatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium armatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Canthium armatum
iNaturalist: Canthium armatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium armatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium armatum
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Canthium armatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium armatum
Plants of the World Online: Canthium armatum
The Plant List (version 1.1): Canthium armatum
Tropicos: Canthium armatum
Wikipedia: Canthium armatum


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Canthium armatum.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=172090, retrieved 20 November 2019

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