Canthium armatum (K. Schum.) Lantz

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Canthium armatum

Photo: Geoff Nichols
Phinda Game Reserve, northern KZN, South Africa

Canthium armatum

Photo: Geoff Nichols
Phinda Game Reserve, northern KZN, South Africa

Canthium armatum

Photo: Geoff Nichols
Phinda Game Reserve, northern KZN, South Africa

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Synonyms: Plectroniella armata (K. Schum.) Robyns
Common names: False turkey-berry (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, 1-5(-8) m tall. Spines present, 1-4 cm long, borne above short lateral branches. Leaves: lamina 3-5 × 1.5-4.5 cm, elliptic to ovate-elliptic, rounded at apex, usually glabrous; domatia present. Inflorescences many-flowered, corymbose cymes; peduncles 8-35 mm long. Calyx lobes triangular, up to 1 mm, acute. Corolla creamy-white; tube with dense fine hairs at throat. Fruit orange, 10-15 mm long, 1-3-seeded, varying in shape with number of mature seeds.
Derivation of specific name: armatum: bearing spines or thorns; armed
Habitat: In thicket and coastal forest; also in deciduous woodland on rocky slopes.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: South Africa, Eswatini and southern Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 12 February 2015

Bridson, D.M. (1998). Rubiaceae, Part 2 Flora Zambesiaca 5(2) Pages 337 - 339. as Plectroniella armata (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 916. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 98. as Plectroniella armata

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 29. As Plectroniella armata

Other sources of information about Canthium armatum:

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Flora of Botswana: Canthium armatum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Canthium armatum
African Plant Database: Canthium armatum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Canthium armatum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Canthium armatum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Canthium armatum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Canthium armatum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Canthium armatum
JSTOR Plant Science: Canthium armatum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Canthium armatum
Plants of the World Online: Canthium armatum
Tropicos: Canthium armatum
Wikipedia: Canthium armatum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Canthium armatum., retrieved 3 October 2023

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