Encephalartos turneri Lavranos & Goode

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Encephalartos turneri

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Close to Ribaue, Nampula province

Encephalartos turneri

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Close to Ribaue, Nampula province

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Common names: Turner's cycad (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Cycad with a stem up to 3 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves 100-150 cm long, dark glossy green; rhachis green, straight, stiff, not spirally twisted; petiole straight, with 6-12 prickles; leaf-base collar absent; basal leaflets reducing to spines. Leaflets lanceolate, up to 200 × 30 mm, weakly discolorous, not lobed; margins recurved; entire or with 1-3 teeth. Male cones 1-3, narrowly ovoid, 25-30 cm long and 6-8 cm in diameter, yellow. Female cones 1-3, ovoid, yellow, 26-30 cm long and 14-16 cm in diameter, yellow. Seeds oblong, 40-60 mm long and 20-25 mm wide, sarcotesta red or yellow.
Derivation of specific name: turneri: after Ian S. Turner, a Zimbabwean, who collected and cultivated the type specimen.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Northeastern Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 10 October 2011

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 75.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 55.

Goode, D. (1989). Cycads of Africa Struik, Cape Town Pages 204 - 207. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Encephalartos turneri:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Encephalartos turneri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Encephalartos turneri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Encephalartos turneri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Encephalartos turneri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Encephalartos turneri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Encephalartos turneri
JSTOR Plant Science: Encephalartos turneri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Encephalartos turneri
Plants of the World Online: Encephalartos turneri
Tropicos: Encephalartos turneri
Wikipedia: Encephalartos turneri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Encephalartos turneri.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=173730, retrieved 29 November 2023

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