Encephalartos turneri Lavranos & Goode

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Encephalartos turneri

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Close to Ribaue, Nampula province

Encephalartos turneri

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Close to Ribaue, Nampula province

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Common names: Turner's cycad (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Cycad with a stem up to 3 m high and 80 cm in diameter. Leaves 100-150 cm long, dark glossy green; rhachis green, straight, stiff, not spirally twisted; petiole straight, with 6-12 prickles; leaf-base collar absent; basal leaflets reducing to spines. Leaflets lanceolate, up to 200 × 30 mm, weakly discolorous, not lobed; margins recurved; entire or with 1-3 teeth. Male cones 1-3, narrowly ovoid, 25-30 cm long and 6-8 cm in diameter, yellow. Female cones 1-3, ovoid, yellow, 26-30 cm long and 14-16 cm in diameter, yellow. Seeds oblong, 40-60 mm long and 20-25 mm wide, sarcotesta red or yellow.
Derivation of specific name: turneri: after Ian S. Turner, a Zimbabwean, who collected and cultivated the type specimen.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Northeastern Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status: Lower Risk - least concern
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 10 October 2011

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 36. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 55.

Goode, D. (1989). Cycads of Africa Struik, Cape Town Pages 204 - 207. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Encephalartos turneri:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Encephalartos turneri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Encephalartos turneri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Encephalartos turneri
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Encephalartos turneri
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Encephalartos turneri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Encephalartos turneri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Encephalartos turneri
iNaturalist: Encephalartos turneri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Encephalartos turneri
JSTOR Plant Science: Encephalartos turneri
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Encephalartos turneri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Encephalartos turneri
Plants of the World Online: Encephalartos turneri
The Plant List (version 1.1): Encephalartos turneri
Tropicos: Encephalartos turneri
Wikipedia: Encephalartos turneri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Encephalartos turneri.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=173730, retrieved 12 August 2020

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