Eulophia ensata Lindl.

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Eulophia ensata

Photo: Jenny Stromvoll
Matutuine District, Mozambique

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Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial orchid, 30-100 cm tall. Underground organs consisting of tubers forming chains. Leaves c. 3, erect, up to 90 × 1.5 cm, linear, acuminate, plicate, partly to fully developed at flowering time. Inflorescence short and dense. Flowers not opening wide, pale to bright yellow, the crests on the lip deeper yellow. Lip 15 mm long, 3-lobed at about halfway, with 2 broad ridges in the basal half of the lip passing into dense, slender papillae all over the mid-lobe; side lobes oblong; mid-lobe oblong, the apex truncate or emarginate, sometimes mucronate. Spur 4–7 mm long, cylindrical, very slender.
Derivation of specific name: ensata: from the Latin ensatus, a sword, possibly referring to the shape of the leaves.
Habitat: In grassland and coastal bush.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, South Africa and Eswatini.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Bandeira, S., Bolnick, D. & Barbosa, F. (2007). Wild Flowers of Southern Mozambique Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Maputo, Mozambique Page 73. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 505.

Other sources of information about Eulophia ensata:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia ensata
African Plant Database: Eulophia ensata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia ensata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia ensata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia ensata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia ensata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia ensata
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia ensata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia ensata
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia ensata
Tropicos: Eulophia ensata
Wikipedia: Eulophia ensata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eulophia ensata., retrieved 21 February 2024

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