Vitex mossambicensis Gürke

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Vitex mossambicensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado.

Vitex mossambicensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado.

Vitex mossambicensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado.

Vitex mossambicensis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Pemba Town, Cabo Delgado.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Vitex mossambicensis Gürke var. oligantha (Baker) W. Piep.
Vitex oligantha Baker
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree; bark greyish-cream, fissured; young branchlets with scattered, orange-brown hairs. Leaves opposite, 3-5-foliolate with leaflets obovate, 4-7 cm long, median leaflet largest, hairless above, more or less densely pubescent and sparsely gland-dotted beneath, sometimes only on the midrib and in axils of veins; veins more or less raised on both surfaces; margin entire or toothed in the apical half; petiole 3-9 cm long. Inflorescences in axillary, laxly few-flowered heads, 6-15 cm long, fragrant. Corolla 12-13 mm long, pubescent, not gland-dotted; tube white, straight; lobes spreading, mauve, middle lower lobe largest, 6-10 mm wide, blue. Fruit an obovoid drupe c. 1 cm long, purple-black when ripe, more or less half enclosed by the cup-shaped, pubescent calyx.
Notes: This species is generally similar to Vitex petersiana but can be distinguished by the presence of 5-foliolate leaves, longer petiolules and more lax inflorescences.
Derivation of specific name: mossambicensis:of Mozambique.
Habitat: In coastal scrub and thickets.
Altitude range: 10 - 500 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tanzania and northern Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 27 September 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 856. (Includes a picture).

Fernandes, R. (2005). Lamiaceae (subfamilies: Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7) Page 80.

Other sources of information about Vitex mossambicensis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vitex mossambicensis
African Plant Database: Vitex mossambicensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vitex mossambicensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vitex mossambicensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vitex mossambicensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vitex mossambicensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vitex mossambicensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vitex mossambicensis
iNaturalist: Vitex mossambicensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vitex mossambicensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Vitex mossambicensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vitex mossambicensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vitex mossambicensis
Plants of the World Online: Vitex mossambicensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vitex mossambicensis
Tropicos: Vitex mossambicensis
Wikipedia: Vitex mossambicensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Vitex mossambicensis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=175350, retrieved 11 December 2019

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