Grewia occidentalis L.
var. litoralis Wild

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Grewia occidentalis var. litoralis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Praia de Xai-Xai, Gaza province

Grewia occidentalis var. litoralis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Praia de Xai-Xai, Gaza province

Grewia occidentalis var. litoralis

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Chongoene, Gaza province.

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Common names:
Status: Native
Spreading low bush up to 1 m tall, sometimes branches semi-prostrate. Leaves oblong to obovate, 2–7·5 cm long, hairless on both surfaces; margin slightly rolled under, entire or shallowly wavy. Flowers and fruit not different from var. occidentalis.
Notes: Although G. occidentalis is extremely variable, and the description of numerous varieties would not have much point, var. litoralis provides something of an exception since its restricted habitat.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: This variety is confined to coastal dune vegetation.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Coastal southern Mozambique only.
Mozambique distribution: GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status: Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 31 August 2021

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 579.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 29.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 90.

Wild, H. (1963). Tiliaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 58 - 59.

Other sources of information about Grewia occidentalis var. litoralis:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Grewia occidentalis
African Plant Database: Grewia occidentalis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Grewia occidentalis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Grewia occidentalis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Grewia occidentalis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Grewia occidentalis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Grewia occidentalis
JSTOR Plant Science: Grewia occidentalis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Grewia occidentalis
Plants of the World Online: Grewia occidentalis
Tropicos: Grewia occidentalis
Wikipedia: Grewia occidentalis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Grewia occidentalis var. litoralis., retrieved 21 September 2023

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