Erythrina caffra Thunb.

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Common names: Coast coral-tree (English)
Status: Native
Medium-sized to large tree. Trunk and branches often armed with recurved prickles. Leaves often clustered at the ends of branches, 3-foliolate with leaflets ovate, up to 16 × 18 cm, hairless; apex long pointed. Terminal leaflet usually larger than more asymmetrical lateral leaflets. Flowers orange-scarlet in spectacular dense terminal racemes, flowering before the leaves arrive. Pod 12-20 cm long, irregularly constricted between the seeds, hairless, black. Seeds bright red with a black hilum.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: of Caffraria, historic name for South Africa
Habitat: Occurring in coastal forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Sep
Worldwide distribution: In the extreme south of Mozambique and along the east coast of South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 303. (Includes a picture).

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 9 - 10.

Other sources of information about Erythrina caffra:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrina caffra
African Plant Database: Erythrina caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrina caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrina caffra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrina caffra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrina caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrina caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrina caffra
iNaturalist: Erythrina caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrina caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrina caffra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrina caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrina caffra
Plants of the World Online: Erythrina caffra
Tropicos: Erythrina caffra
Wikipedia: Erythrina caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Erythrina caffra., retrieved 26 May 2022

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