Vepris lanceolata (Lam.) G.Don

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Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

Vepris lanceolata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Forest road, Coutada 12

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Boscia undulata Thunb.
Toddalia undulata Lam.
Vepris querimbensis Klotzsch
Vepris undulata (Thunb.) I. Verd. & C.A. Sm.
Common names: White Ironwood (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Evergreen shrub or small tree, all parts mostly hairless.Leaves alternate, 3-foliolate with leaflets sessile, narrowly elliptic, 5-12 cm long, densely dotted with translucent glands and lemon-scented when crushed; margin entire but often strongly wavy; petiole 1-7 cm long, slender, narrowly grooved without wings. Flowers in much-branched terminal heads, small, yellowish, functionally unisexual; petals and sepals 4. Fruit often slightly 4-lobed, c. 5 mm in diameter, gland-dotted, black when ripe.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: lanceolata: lance-shaped or lanceolate, referring to the leaflets although these are generally narrowly elliptic.
Habitat: In coastal sand forest and on dunes.
Altitude range: 0 - 100 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape Western Cape, South Africa and Mauritius, Reunion.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Papilio constantinus constantinus (Larval foodplant)
Papilio echeroides chirindanus (Larval foodplant)
Papilio nireus lyaeus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 27 April 2016
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 355. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 416.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 106.

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 200 - 201. as Vepris undulata

Mendonça, F.A. & Sousa, E.P. (1973). 37. Rutaceae Flora de Moçambique Junta de Investigaçoes de Ultramar, Centro de Botanica Pages 18 - 19. as Vepris undulata

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 236 - 237. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 396 - 397. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 458 - 459. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Vepris lanceolata:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Vepris lanceolata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Vepris lanceolata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Vepris lanceolata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Vepris lanceolata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Vepris lanceolata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Vepris lanceolata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Vepris lanceolata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Vepris lanceolata
iNaturalist: Vepris lanceolata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Vepris lanceolata
JSTOR Plant Science: Vepris lanceolata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Vepris lanceolata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Vepris lanceolata
Plants of the World Online: Vepris lanceolata
The Plant List (version 1.1): Vepris lanceolata
Tropicos: Vepris lanceolata
Wikipedia: Vepris lanceolata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Vepris lanceolata.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=177620, retrieved 18 November 2019

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