Craibia zimmermannii (Harms) Dunn

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Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Olivier Maurin
Nhambita, edge of Gwasha,1.33 km N of the Pungwe river, measuring from 400 m W of the point in river closest to the Old cotton factory.

Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Inselberg, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Inselberg, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Inselberg, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Inselberg, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Inselberg, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

Craibia zimmermannii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bunga Inselberg, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Craibia filipes Dunn
Lonchocarpus zimmermannii Harms
Common names: Sand forest craibia (English)
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Description:
Small, often mutli-stemmed, evergreen tree. Leaves imparipinnate with 5-7 ovate to lanceolate leaflets, 5-9 cm long, shiny green leathery, apex tapering into a long point; petiole with reddish velvety hairs and a distinct swelling, rounded or slightly notched. Flowers in 5-10-flowered racemes, up to 2 cm in diameter, white, fading to pinkish, often with a green midline on the standard sweetly scented. Pods flat and woody, 6-11 cm long, pale greyish cream, dehiscent.
Notes: The specimens in the images (BW1288) were found on steep rocky slopes of a volcanic inselberg at altitudes up to 270 m and flowering at the end of April. All being different from what is stated in most literature.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Mostly found in coastal sand forest but also on steep rocky slopes of inselbergs (see note), often in groves.
Altitude range: 0 - 270 m
Flowering time:(Apr - May) Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 24 May 2015
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Page 89.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 289. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 454 - 455. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 530 - 531. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Craibia zimmermannii:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Craibia zimmermannii
African Plant Database: Craibia zimmermannii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Craibia zimmermannii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Craibia zimmermannii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Craibia zimmermannii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Craibia zimmermannii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Craibia zimmermannii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Craibia zimmermannii
iNaturalist: Craibia zimmermannii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Craibia zimmermannii
JSTOR Plant Science: Craibia zimmermannii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Craibia zimmermannii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Craibia zimmermannii
Plants of the World Online: Craibia zimmermannii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Craibia zimmermannii
Tropicos: Craibia zimmermannii
Wikipedia: Craibia zimmermannii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Craibia zimmermannii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=178140, retrieved 21 November 2019

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