Tephrosia cordata Hutch. & Burtt Davy

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Tephrosia cordata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Buffelskloof Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Tephrosia cordata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Buffelskloof Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa.

Tephrosia cordata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Buffelskloof Nature Reserve, Mpumalanga, South Africa.

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Common names:
Status: Doubtful
Woody shrub, 1–1.8 m high with hairless stems. Leaves pinnate with 4–8 pairs of leaflets; petiole 2.5–6 cm long, hairless or with sparse appressed hairs; leaflets elliptic or oblong to obovate, 1.5–4 cm long, obtuse to emarginate at the apex, hairless above, appressed pubescent beneath; stipules large and conspicuous, persistent, 9–17 mm long, hairless, strongly cordate at the base. Inflorescences in c. 6-flowered racemes, up to 2 cm long, usually terminal on the main and lateral branches; peduncles 3–8 cm long, hairless except just below the flowers; bracts large, ovate-acuminate, c.10 mm long, hairless. Calyx 3–4.5 mm long, the two upper teeth joined for not more than half their length. Petals 17–20 mm long, pink to violet. Pod 35–50 mm long, hairless.
Notes: This species has been included based on a cited record by Forbes in Bothalia 4(4): 995 (1948). It refers to a collection by Schlechter from Portuguese East Africa without any further locality. The species was previously housed at Berlin but was destroyed. No other records are known but its presence nearby in Eswatini and South Africa renders its occurrence in Mozambique not impossible.
Derivation of specific name: cordata: cordate, referring to the base of the large stipules.
Habitat: Along forest margins and in grassy clearings.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eswatini, Mpumalanga South Africa and doubtfully in southern Mozambique.
Mozambique distribution: M?
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 196 - 197.

Forbes, H.M.L. (1948). A Revision of the South African Species of the Genus Tephrosia Pers. Bothalia 4(4) Page 995.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 224 - 225. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Tephrosia cordata:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tephrosia cordata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tephrosia cordata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tephrosia cordata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tephrosia cordata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tephrosia cordata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tephrosia cordata
JSTOR Plant Science: Tephrosia cordata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tephrosia cordata
Plants of the World Online: Tephrosia cordata
Tropicos: Tephrosia cordata
Wikipedia: Tephrosia cordata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Tephrosia cordata.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=178480, retrieved 18 April 2024

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