Zanthoxylum holtzianum (Engl.) P.G. Waterman

Images: None on this site.

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Fagara holtziana Engl.
Common names: Coral knobwood (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, occasionally scandent. Stems armed with conical spiny bosses; branches armed with straight or curved spines. Leaves imparipinnate with 3-4 pairs of opposite leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets oblong-elliptic to ovate, 7-15 cm long, translucent gland-dots present all over the leafblade; margin finely and obscurely toothed or scalloped. Rhachis rarely with 1-2 small prickles. Flowers in branched terminal sprays, white, unisexual on different trees. Fruit spherical, 5 mm in diameter, orange to red, densely gland-dotted.
Derivation of specific name: holtzianum: after Wilhelm Holtz, plant collector in tropical Africa at the beginning of the 20th century.
Habitat: In woodland and forest or in thickets on coral rock.
Altitude range: 0 - 250 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Kenya, Tanzania and Mozambique
Mozambique distribution: N,MS (other?)
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 30 May 2018

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 361. (Includes a picture).

Mendonça, F. A. (1963). Rutaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 188 - 189. As Fagara holtziana

Other sources of information about Zanthoxylum holtzianum:

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zanthoxylum holtzianum
African Plant Database: Zanthoxylum holtzianum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zanthoxylum holtzianum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zanthoxylum holtzianum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zanthoxylum holtzianum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zanthoxylum holtzianum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zanthoxylum holtzianum
JSTOR Plant Science: Zanthoxylum holtzianum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zanthoxylum holtzianum
Plants of the World Online: Zanthoxylum holtzianum
Tropicos: Zanthoxylum holtzianum
Wikipedia: Zanthoxylum holtzianum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Zanthoxylum holtzianum., retrieved 7 June 2023

Site software last modified: 24 September 2019 10:58am
Terms of use